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Madagascar - Indian Ocean - Project to develop corridors and facilitate trade – Appraisal report
Inadequate development and ageing transport infrastructure are among the main obstacles to Madagascar's capacity to expand its trade with other member countries of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and the Indian Ocean Commission (IOC) and, consequently, to promote regional integration. The country's road network has hardly received any major interventions in the last ten years, due in part to the impact of the 2009-2013 political crisis. Only 24.6% of the paved road network is in good condition. According to the Bank's 2018 African Infrastructure Development Index, Madagascar has a very low scores for transport: 3.01 points out of 100. Freight transport is estimated at around 8 million tonnes per year, including 3 million tonnes of domestic trade in local agricultural products, 1.5 million tonnes of domestic distribution of imported goods and 3.5 million tonnes of external trade in dry goods, of which 1.5 million tonnes of containerized goods.