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Mali - Second Line of Credit to BNDA - Project Completion Report (PCR)
In Mali, the national economy is still largely dominated by agriculture. Despite continued urbanization, nearly 70% of the population live in rural areas, with almost 80% relying entirely or partly on agricultural production for their livelihood. However, for several years now, the contribution of the agricultural sector to the country’s economic growth has stagnated. Indeed, with the exception of rice, yields have been relatively at a standstill. Subsistence agriculture, characterized by very low productivity levels, under-equipment and low intensity, remains the dominant model for the 800,000 farms and for the vast majority of small family farms or small production units, with 68% of farmers having less than 5 ha and 86% less than 10 ha, while 62% of farmland is devoted to cereals produced mainly for domestic consumption. The use of animal traction is widespread only in cotton farming,and motorized equipment is increasingly used by Office du Niger. The use of fertilizers and pesticides is limited to rice farming, market gardening and cotton farming, all sub-sectors of which account for 60% of (domestic) consumption of fertilizers and 80% of pesticides consumption. Therefore, there is a crucial need to move from subsistence farming to market-oriented agriculture.