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Mozambique - Support to skills development for agriculture and industry project –Unilúrio – ESMP Summary
The education sector in Mozambique has been facing noticeable progress with net enrolment rates consistently improving but completion rates and the overall quality of education remain a concern. The country has one of the highest rates of child marriage in the world, affecting almost one in every two girls .The northern provinces have the highest rate : 20% of women aged between twenty and twenty-four married before the age of fifteen (CEPSA/2017). Poor quality of education is leading to children (both boys and girls) dropping out and not completing schooling, hence enhancing the quality of education is a key strategy to keep girls in school. Ultimately, girls and their families need improved economic prospects. Among other measures, this will require giving special attention to women in job creation, technical and vocational training as well as to expand their access to other levels of education. Higher education has expanded rapidly in number and geographically but remains unaffordable for many youth from poor families. The current system does not benefit sufficiently low income families. The quality and relevance of Higher education have reportedly declined. Higher education institutions needs to reform their curricula in collaboration with employers while investing in modern learning equipment. Entrepreneurial skills and competencies are also essential to prepare future graduates to play their role which is to support development in key economic sectors (agriculture, mining, energy, etc.). In addition, scaling up student financial aid (for young girls in particular) through student loans and expanding and improving the quality of education in the Northern provinces of Mozambique will contribute to increase the access to youth from poor families and reduce geographic imbalances.