You are here
Multinational - Project to support the socio-économique reintegration of vulnerable groups in the lake Chad Basin
The countries bordering Lake Chad (Nigeria, Niger, Cameroon and Chad) established in May 1964 an entity known as the Lake Chad Basin Commission (LCBC), based in Ndjamena, Chad. Its mandate is to ensure the sustainable and equitable management of Lake Chad and other shared water resources in the eponymous basin, as well as the preservation of the ecosystems of the Lake Chad Conventional Basin, the promotion of integration and the preservation of cross-border peace and security in the Lake Chad Basin. Subsequently, the LCBC opened its doors to the Central African Republic in 1996 and Libya in 2008 as member countries, as well as to Sudan, Egypt, the Republic of Congo and the DR Congo as observer members. Since the advent in 2009 of the Boko Haram sect in North-eastern Nigeria, the countries bordering Lake Chad have suffered exactions at the hands of this sect. The insurgency has caused more than 33,000 deaths in ten years, and the region has 2.3 million displaced persons and 200,000 refugees. The exactions by Boko Haram have been compounded by the effects of climate change and desert encroachment, which have caused Lake Chad to shrink from 25,000 km2 to 2,500 km2 in 60 years. As a result, 10.7 million people are in a situation of food insecurity, and 515,000 children are severely malnourished, according to Agencies of the United Nations system. The region has a high unemployment rate and poverty levels that are higher than in the rest of the countries concerned, and idleness, alcohol and drug abuse have taken root among the young people, who are thus tempted to enlist in armed groups or to emigrate.