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ORNA - North Africa - Annual Report 2014
From 1990 to 2010, North African countries achieved rapid economic growth and significant progress in human welfare indicators such as poverty reduction, life expectancy, and health status. Nevertheless, this period ended with popular uprisings that toppled long-standing political regimes in Egypt, Libya and Tunisia.
This year’s North Africa Annual Report is largely devoted to the topic of inclusive growth and development, the absence of which in several ways helped trigger the uprisings, in an attempt to better understand why economic growth over the 5-10 years preceding the revolutions was associated with widespread dissatisfaction. A particular focus is placed on the high levels of inequality that characterized labor markets and in-country regional developments.