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Policy Brief - Enhancing Stability and Development in Africa- The Role of the AfDB
In fragile and conflict affected states in Africa, the provision of justice and security is often poor, with the most vulnerable members of society suffering disproportionately. The institutions that make up the justice, security and governance structures in these states are often weak or dysfunctional. They are also a major obstacle to conflict resolution, stabilisation, and longer-term peace and development. There is a pressing need to build up these institutions to be sustainable, efficient and accountable, in order to avoid a relapse into conflict.
A Collier study estimated the benefit of averting a typical civil war at $54bn3 ; it is clear, that effective reform of security and justice institutions has an important role to play, as can be seen from examples such as Central Africa, the Sahel Region and the Horn of Africa.