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Sierra Leone - Rehabilitation and extension Bo-kenema distribution system – ESMP Summary


Electricity production in Sierra Leone is dominated by biomass, which accounts for over 80% of energy consumption. The largest source of biomass energy is wood fuel followed by charcoal. Imported petroleum products are the next largest source of energy with about 13% of the generated power supplied to power the country’s economy. Wood is the primary form of fuel used by households for cooking and craft activities. Petroleum, on the other hand, is the most important source of energy for the industrial sector (including transportation and private electricity generation). Currently, the Electricity sector in Sierra Leone faces challenges with less than 13% end-user access. Efficiency and access are constrained by high technical losses on the transmission and distribution (T&D) network, which are further compounded by low voltage quality due to overburdening of infrastructure informal connections. The availability and use of energy efficient appliances and equipment remains low. Furthermore, the production of electricity from renewable energy sources such as hydro, solar and biomass has been a slow process.

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