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The Bank Group Guidelines on Communicable Diseases
Communicable disease are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Africa, accounting for 63 percent of deaths among children and 48 percent of all premature dea ths. They are the principal causes of death among youth (under 21 years of age). HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis (TB) and malaria are the most serious communicable diseases, causing between 5.7 - 6.0 million annual deaths, mostly in Africa. The impact of other commun icable diseases in Africa is also very significant. Diseases such as Onchocerciasis (river blindness), Trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness), and Dracunculiasis (Guinea worm disease) affect millions of Africans, causing long - term, and sometimes, permanent di sabilities.