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Working Paper 104 - Technology Gap and Efficiency in Cocoa Production in West and Central Africa: Implications for Cocoa Sector Development


The centrality of agriculture to the development of least developed countries or developing economies is now beyond dispute. A vast body of knowledge has assigned a phenomenal role to agriculture in the early stages of industrialisation. In West and Central Africa, agriculture has continued to play a dominant role in the provision of food, raw material for industries, employment for the majority, and foreign earnings, which are used in financing development activities. In the course of the last 40 years, industrial tree crops, notably cocoa, coffee, oil palm, and rubber, have dominated the export agriculture.

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