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Working Paper 171 - Youth Unemployment and Political Instability in Selected Developing Countries
Across the globe, the recent financial and economic crisis has led to soaring youth unemployment. However, before the crisis, the job situation, including youth unemployment, was already a major concern in most of the countries. In Africa for instance, youth unemployment is exacerbated by the additional challenges of a youth population which is considerably higher than other regions, weak national labour markets and persistently high levels of poverty. 70 percent of the region’s population is under the age of 30, and slightly more than 20 percent are young people between the ages of 15 to 24.2 More recently, the North Africa region, which has the world’s highest youth unemployment rates and where one in four young people is reported as jobless, experienced violent social uprisings in which young people played a critical role.