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Working Paper 241 - Long term consequences of consumption seasonality


A large literature in economics and other fields has established a link between nutrition during childhood and long-run development. Across the world, children with poor nutritional status are less likely than their well-nourished peers to grow up to be tall, well-educated, and economically productive adults (Victora et al., 2008). Randomized trials and convincing natural experiments have demonstrated causal pathways linking early life undernutrition to adverse adult outcomes as measured by height (Martorell, 1995; Kinra et al., 2008), cognition (Pollitt et al., 1993), and wealth (Mancini and Yang, 2009). The bulk of this evidence focuses on the consequences of lower average quantity of food or nutrients consumed or dramatic transitory shocks such as famines.

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