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Working Paper 68 - Governance and Poverty Reduction in Africa
Of the 4 billion people that are known to be poor in the world today, Africa has more than her fair share, and the number of the poor, as percentage of the total African population, has been steadily increasing since independence. While the state played an extremely important role in financing social welfare during the first decade after the independence of most African countries, this role has declined with time. Malnutrition, high child mortality, lack of access to basic education, homelessness, and various types of social indignity have been dominant features of the decline of human development standards in Africa.