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Working Paper 89 - Come Rain or Shine - Integrating Climate Risk Management into African Development Bank Operations
Climate change is happening now, and further changes during the next decades are inevitable (IPCC, 2007a). During the last century, the global climate warmed by about 0.7°C. At the same time, there were distinct changes in rainfall patterns, an increase in both frequency and severity of extreme weather events, and a rise in sea levels. The impacts of these changes are already being felt, and will intensify as further changes take place. Another 2–4°C rise is projected for the current century, mostly as a result of greenhouse gases that have already been emitted. This means that, although aggressive mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions is crucial to prevent longer term, potentially catastrophic changes, most of the changes projected for the coming decades cannot be avoided.