You are here

Zimbabwe Country Profile


Zimbabwe is a landlocked country in Southern Africa with an area of 390,580 square kilometres and a population of about 12 973 808 million. The country is bordered on all sides by other countries. Zambia lies to the northwest with the Zambezi River and Victoria Falls forming the border. Mozambique lies to the northeast with its border formed by the Eastern Highlands. Botswana lies to the southwest and South Africa to the south (its border formed by the Limpopo River).

Zimbabwe gained its independence from the British in 1980. The country voted for a new Constitution on 16 March 2013 that replaced the old Lancaster House Constitution of 1980. The enactment of the new Constitution in May 2013 paved way for the holding of the 31st July 2013 general elections, in which ZANU PF won the Presidency as well as a parliamentary majority, thus, ending almost five (5) years of a coalition government between ZANU (PF) and the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) formations that had governed the country since 2009.

Related Sections