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Feed and prosper Africa today and tomorrow
Whereas Africa contributes less than 5% of global greenhouse gas emission, most of which are attributed to Agriculture, Forestry, and Other Land Use (AFOLU), the continent is the most vulnerable to the impact of climate change. Africa's agriculture is highly dependent on nature. Increased frequency of extreme weather events have exacerbated climate vulnerability of rural communities with negative impact on their incomes and food security. Almost all African countries’ Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) include AFOLU for both adaptation and mitigation targets. Africa’s vulnerability to climate change is becoming apparent now more than ever. Africa's vulnerability to climate change is not only because of high exposure to climate change impacts, but more a factor of lacking the capacity to respond or adapt to the impact. This was the case in the recent hurricanes that hit Southern Africa – Mozambique, Malawi and Zimbabwe, where, despite earl warnings, inadequate resources were deployed for emergency evacuation. Scientific evidence suggests that the agriculture sector in Africa could experience prolonged droughts and/or floods due to extreme weather patterns such as El Nino. About 2%-7% of GDP loss is expected by 2100 in parts of the Sahara, 2%-4% & 0.4%-1.3% in Western and Central Africa, and Northern and Southern Africa, respectively. Arid and semi-arid land could widen by 60-80M ha. Fisheries will be particularly affected due to changes in sea temperatures, reducing productivity by 50%-60%. Viable arable land for production is predicted to decline by 9%-20% by 2080. It is likely crop pests and diseases will increase across Africa.