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Guinea - Special Agro-Industrial Processing Zones Development Programme (PDZTA-BK) - Project Appraisal Reports
The Republic of Guinea covers an area of 245,857 km² and had an estimated population of about 11,555,061 in 2017, comprising 51.61% women and 48.39% men. The rural population, estimated at 64.41%, derives most of its income (79%) from agricultural activities. There is, however, a marked contrast between the country’s economic situation and its natural potential. In addition to its mineral wealth, there are significant surface water (188 km3) resources and 72 km3 of groundwater. Estimated arable land potential is 6.2 million hectares, of which 25% are cultivated annually. According to 1993 estimates, there were 70,000 km² of rich and varied grazing land composed of almost 350 fodder species. The country has about 300 km of coastline with significant artisanal and industrial fisheries potential. However, Guinea’s imports of fresh food products are valued at almost USD 745 million (2016), most of which can be produced locally, in particular, cereals with an import value of USD 339 million in 2016.