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Madagascar - National Climate Change Profile
The Republic of Madagascar (henceforth ‘Madagascar’ and shown below in Figure 1-1) is an island nation off the southeast coast of Africa. The country has a population of ~25,600,000 people, of which ~35% are urban and ~77% of the urban population are living in slums. Madagascar is one of the poorest and most ruralised of African countries, having the seventh highest proportion of population working in agriculture (~74%) the highest proportion of people living below the poverty line of USD 1.90/day (~77%) and the 6th highest percentage of the population undernourished (~33%).