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Mauritania - National Climate Change Profile
The Islamic Republic of Mauritania (henceforth ‘Mauritania’ and shown below in figure 1-1) is a large (1,040,000 km2, 10th largest in Africa) and sparsely populated country (4 people/km2, 3rd lowest in Africa) in the arid Maghreb region of West Africa. Mauritania is bordered by Senegal and the Senegal River at the country’s southwest, by Mali at the southeast and east of the country, by Algeria at the northeast, and by the disputed territories of Western Sahara at the north and northwest. Mauritania’s west coast is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, where the country’s two largest urban centres (Nouakchott and Nouadibhou) are situated.