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Atlas of Africa Energy Resources
22/05/2019 15:09
Atlas of Africa Energy Resources

Categories: Energy & Power

Electricity Regulatory Index 2018
20/06/2018 08:06
Electricity Regulatory Index 2018

Categories: Energy & Power

Missing the Mark Gaps and Lags in Disbursement of Development Finance for Energy Access
22/09/2017 11:07
Missing the Mark Gaps and Lags in Disbursement of Development Finance for Energy Access
Working Paper 269 - Climate Change and Renewable Energy Generation in Africa
19/06/2017 16:46
Working Paper 269 - Climate Change and Renewable Energy Generation in Africa
Empowering Women in Africa through Access to Sustainable Energy - A desk review of gender-focused approaches in the renewable energy sector
27/12/2016 11:18
Empowering Women in Africa through Access to Sustainable Energy - A desk review of gender-focused approaches in the renewable energy sector

Categories: Energy & Power, Gender

MDGs to Agenda 2063/SDGs - Transition Report 2016 - Summary
26/09/2016 09:33
MDGs to Agenda 2063/SDGs - Transition Report 2016 - Summary
MDGs to Agenda 2063/SDGs - Transition Report 2016
26/09/2016 09:22
MDGs to Agenda 2063/SDGs - Transition Report 2016
Working Paper 242 - Understanding the prospective local content in the petroleum sector; and the potential impact of high energy prices on production sectors and household welfare in Uganda
09/09/2016 16:45
Working Paper 242 - Understanding the prospective local content in the petroleum sector; and the potential impact of high energy prices on production sectors and household welfare in Uganda
Climate Finance Bimonthly Newsletter - Issue N°31 - May-June 2015
10/07/2015 09:19
Climate Finance Bimonthly Newsletter - Issue N°31 - May-June 2015
Climate Finance Bimonthly Newsletter - Issue N°30 - March-April 2015
28/05/2015 11:13
Climate Finance Bimonthly Newsletter - Issue N°30 - March-April 2015
The African Development Bank and the Global Environment Facility - 2014 Annual Report
04/05/2015 10:58
The African Development Bank and the Global Environment Facility - 2014 Annual Report
Climate Finance Bimonthly Newsletter - Issue N°29 - January-February 2015
11/03/2015 11:02
Climate Finance Bimonthly Newsletter - Issue N°29 - January-February 2015
North Africa - Working paper - Trade Volume and Economic Growth in the MENA Region: Goods or Services?
19/02/2015 08:46
North Africa - Working paper - Trade Volume and Economic Growth in the MENA Region: Goods or Services?
Climate Finance Bimonthly Newsletter - Issue N°28 - November-December 2014
22/01/2015 11:34
Climate Finance Bimonthly Newsletter - Issue N°28 - November-December 2014
Working Paper - 218 - Household Energy Demand and the Impact of Energy Prices: Evidence from Senegal
21/01/2015 17:43
Working Paper - 218 - Household Energy Demand and the Impact of Energy Prices: Evidence from Senegal

Categories: Senegal, Energy & Power

Climate Finance Bimonthly Newsletter - Issue N°27 - August-October 2014
12/11/2014 14:27
Climate Finance Bimonthly Newsletter - Issue N°27 - August-October 2014
Nigeria - 2013 - Country Profile - Leveraging Partnerships for Economic Transformation and Inclusive Growth
14/05/2014 11:26
Nigeria - 2013 - Country Profile - Leveraging Partnerships for Economic Transformation and Inclusive Growth
Compendium of Statistics on AfDB Group Operations 2014
06/05/2014 13:16
Compendium of Statistics on AfDB Group Operations 2014
Working Paper 184 - Does Oil Wealth Affect Democracy in Africa?
23/12/2013 09:36
Working Paper 184 - Does Oil Wealth Affect Democracy in Africa?
This paper empirically investigates the effects of oil wealth on democracy in Africa. This is because democracy provides a check on governmental power and limits the potential of public officials to amass personal wealth and to carry out unpopular policies. This is why democracy promotion has been at the top of the US and West European foreign policy agenda since the end of the Cold War. Recently rising coups d’états attempts and oil discoveries in some African countries, high energy prices and the North African and Middle East situation characterized by revolutions have made the question of the link between oil wealth and democracy timelier than ever. The study also adds to the literature on the “natural resource curse” phenomenon. One of the natural “resource curse” arguments in the literature is that oil-rich countries tend to adopt less democratic ways of governance. It is also argued that there are three mechanisms that ties oil wealth to authoritarianism: a “rentier effect” (‘taxation effect” and “spending effect”, through which governments use low tax rates and high spending to dampen pressures for democracy; a “repression effect”, by which governments build up their internal security forces; and a “modernization effect”, in which the failure of the population to undergo certain social changes renders them less likely to push for democracy. More recently, others have suggested alternative mechanisms, including corruption, asset specificity, and international factors. Thus, while empirical support for the “oil-hurts-democracy” thesis has been mixed, not much has been done on the specific African case. This study tries to fill that gap and proffer some policy guidance to governments, politicians, development partners and other stakeholders. We present important stylized facts on trend oil wealth and democratic development in African counties. Africa’s oil reserves have maintained an upward trend, rising from 53.4 trillion barrels in 1980 to over 130 trillion barrels in 2012. Also, while most African countries legalized opposition parties and held competitive, multiparty elections, which, though, have often not met the minimal democratic criteria of freeness and fairness: they have therefore been "pseudo-democracies" or “virtual democracies”, with North Africa being mired in the trap of liberalized autocracy. Thus, in a cross-country panel data, covering 52 African countries between 1955 and 2008, we estimate the effects of oil wealth on democracy in Africa. We estimate the relationship both in a pooled cross-sectional and time-series and fixed effect settings, including robustness checks with different data sets. We find that oil wealth is statistically associated with a lower likelihood of democratization when we estimate the relationship in a pooled cross-sectional and time-series setting. In addition, when estimated using fixed effects, the strong negative statistical association continues to hold. Indeed, this result is robust to the source of oil wealth data, the choice and treatment of the variables set, and sample selection. Our results also show other interesting and important results. The cross-country confirms the “Lipset/Aristotle/modernization hypothesis” (that prosperity stimulates democracy) is a strong empirical regularity. Also, the propensity for democracy rises with population size, population density, ethnic fractionalization, having British legal origin or colonial heritage, and having a supportive institutional environment in the form of maintenance of the rule of law. However, apart from oil wealth, democracy tends to fall with linguistic fractionalization and rough (mountainous) terrain. Consistent with the data, North Africa consistently fails to favor democratic development. Three measures to avoid the political resource curse and promote democracy include promoting high levels of transparency, ensuring that the political system has a centralized system of financial authority and control, and the legislation of a ‘fiscal constitution’ that imposes ceilings (and perhaps also floors) on public spending from resource revenues. Other measures are: promoting and maintaining effective rule of law, deepening macroeconomic and structural reforms and increasing investments to raise national income, and implementing greater economic and political inclusion, especially in North Africa.Read more
Shale Gas and its Implications for Africa and the African Development Bank
17/10/2013 12:21
Shale Gas and its Implications for Africa and the African Development Bank
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