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Republic of Chad - Semi-Urban And Rural Drinking Water Supply And Sanitation Programme In Eleven Regions – PHASE 1 - Financing Proposal
The Semi-urban and Rural Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Programme (PAEPA SU-MR) in Eleven Regions (Borkou, Ennedi, Tibesti, Mayo-Kebbi, Tanjile, Logone Oriental, Logone Occidental, Mandoul, Moyen-Chari, Salamat and Sila) stems from the Kigali Action Plan (KAP) initiative adopted by African Union Heads of State and Government to assist the member countries that failed to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in the water and sanitation sector. At the 2015 deadline, Chad did not attain most of the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) targets. The drinking water access rate increased from 21% in 2000 to 53% in 2015 and the sanitation access rate from 3% in 2000 to 16% in 2015, whereas the MDGs anticipated a drinking water access rate of 60% and a sanitation service access rate of 35% in 2015. This lack of access to drinking water created in time and space huge gaps in access to education, employment and political life between men and women, to the disadvantage of women. The waterborne disease prevalence rate, especially in children below five, was 23.6% in 2017. The prevalence rate of acute malnutrition at the national level was 13%, while that of chronic malnutrition among children below five was 39.9% in 2014-2015. Consequently, according to studies carried out under the Water and Sanitation Programme (WSP) which were updated in 2016, about 19 000 people die each year from waterborne diseases and lack of hygiene and sanitation, and the country is said to lose about CFAF 79 billion annually due to poor hygiene and sanitation conditions, and lack of access to drinking water.