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Somalia - National Climate Change Profile


Somalia (officially the Federal Republic of Somalia, shown below in Figure 1-1) is an East African country situated at the Horn of Africa, bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the northwest, the Gulf of Aden to the north, and Kenya to the southwest. Somalia’s landscape, the majority of which is classified as semi-arid or arid desert, is bordered by a coastline of ~3,300 km (the longest in continental Africa). As a result of protracted social and economic stability, Somalia’s development has been severely undermined in the period since the outbreak of civil war in 1991.

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