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Tanzania - Msalato International Airport Development Project – ESIA Summary
Tanzania is officially known as the United Republic of Tanzania. It is located in East Africa bordering Kenya and Uganda to the north, Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west, Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique to the south and the Indian Ocean to the east. The most prominent physical features are Mt. Kilimanjaro at the border with Kenya, Mt. Meru located not far away from Mt. Kilimanjaro, Lake Victoria in the north and the Usambara Mountains. Tanzania remains a rural based country with nearly 70% of its population living in the rural areas. This rural population depends on subsistence agriculture for their livelihoods. Maize is the major and most preferred staple crop, with around 45% of the land (or over 4.9 million hectares) used for maize production. More than 85% of maize production is by smallholder farmers, and maize and groundnuts together account for about 44 percent of the calorie intake in the country.