Nnenna Nwabufo, Deputy Director General

Desma Tunya, SIF Coordinator


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Kismayo Baidoa Urban Water Supply and Sanitation Project

Project Title: Kismayo Baidoa Urban Water Supply and Sanitation Project

  • Project amount: $11.8 million
  • Approval date: July 2019
  • Closing date: July 2023

Background information

Somalia did not achieve the Millennium Development Goal for water and sanitation so concerted efforts are required from both the Government and development partners if the ambitious Sustainable Development Goals in the sector are to be met. Successive droughts in Somalia have left more than half the population (6.7 million people) in need of humanitarian assistance and displaced nearly a million people between November 2016 and September 2017 (UNDP, 2018). Drought has also affected both the quantity and the quality of drinking water. Baidoa and Kismayo towns are those most severely affected by drought and they currently hold some of the highest numbers of internally displaced persons in Somalia, with over 300,000 people having migrated to the areas since November 2016. The influx of internally displaced people has stretched the water and sanitation services in both towns, depriving communities access to the minimum quantity of water needed for drinking, sanitation and hygiene. Flooding caused by the heavy rains in March – May 2018 worsened the conditions in the settlements for internally displaced people. The destruction of latrines and ensuing contamination of water sources have already led to a surge in water- and vector-borne diseases in areas that were already struggling with an acute watery diarrhea/cholera outbreak since December 2017. The project will propel the country towards the sustainable development goal 6 on universal access to water and sanitation, and links well with the Bank’s ‘High 5’ objective on improving the quality of life for the people of Africa.

Involved partners

Federal ministry of energy and water resources, water agencies in South West and Jubbaland, federal ministry of finance, municipalities of Kismayo and Baidoa, the African Development Bank, and the International Organisation for Migration.


The overall objective of the project is to contribute to improved quality of life, inclusiveness and resilience through the provision of sustainable water supply and sanitation services. The project increases access to safe water and improved sanitation and strengthens the capacity for improved delivery of water and sanitation services in the towns of Kismayo (Jubbaland state) and Baidoa (South West state).

Project Components

Component 1: Water and sanitation infrastructure

Selected activities include:

  • Water resources assessment study for Kismayo.
  • Design and supervision of water supply systems in Kismayo and Baidoa.
  • Construction and rehabilitation of priority water supply systems in Baidoa and Kismayo.
  • Ground water monitoring system for strategic boreholes in Baidoa.
  • Construction of sanitation and rainwater harvesting systems in schools, markets and health institutions.

Component 2: Capacity development

Selected activities include:

  • Support for mini-laboratory through the provision of equipment and chemicals.
  • Capacity building for water quality monitoring, operation and maintenance and strengthening PPP arrangements.
  • Establishment of a WASH information management system.
  • Procurement of an accounting and water billing system
  • Skills enhancement programme for marginalized youths

Component 3: Project management

Geographical coverage

Kismayo and Baidoa urban and peri urban areas.

Project Beneficiaries

The direct beneficiaries are approximately 200,000 people in the urban and peri-urban communities living in Kismayo and Baidoa. Overall, Jubbaland and South West states will also benefit from the support given during implementation of the infrastructure works. Indirect beneficiaries are an estimated 100,000 people who will benefit from hygiene promotion. Women and young people will be the focus of efforts to deliver the planned activities through labour-based construction services.