The African Development Bank has published in the series "West Africa Policy Notes" a study on the energy sector in Togo. Entitled "Underlying Issues of Electricity Access in Togo", this research conducted by Carpophore Ntagungira, AfDB Principal Country Economist, draws up a status report on the production and consumption of electricity in Togo and provides recommendations for the sector to become more competitive and more inclusive.
Research shows that in Togo poor households which do not have access to electricity use more costly source of energy. Moreover, the level of demand for electricity, which far exceeds that of supply, pushes the populations of poor neighbourhoods to make illegal power connections. Behind a subscribed household lurks at least one other undeclared household. That is how we reach 28% as the rate of national access to electricity in 2013, while the count of those who pay electricity drives it down to 17%. Such access rates remain below the average of 40% in West Africa.
From 1971 to 2013, electricity consumption increased ninefold, but its generation increased only twofold, due to lack of investment and restructuring of the electricity value chain. An in-depth reform, embracing private sector participation would ensure the large-scale generation of electricity at the lowest cost in order to increase the level of access.
The "West Africa Policy Notes" series provides in-depth outlook on the major economic issues in West Africa, and shares knowledge from experts working in the field. The notes are produced by the economists of AfDB West Africa Regional Department.