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Agriculture Transformational Projects and Programmes
Under its Strategy for 2013-2022, “At the Center of Africa’s Transformation”, and its Agriculture Sector Strategy 2010-2014, the African Development Bank has designed a new set of innovative projects aimed at improving food security in Africa.
In a major departure from past approaches, agriculture is now being treated as a business, not a development program in Nigeria. The transformation agenda is focused on major policy reforms to:
- improve rural infrastructure;
- improve farmers access to financial services and markets;
- eliminate corruption in the seed and fertilizer sectors;
- improve the functioning of market institutions;
- establish staple crop processing zones to attract private sector;
- reduce post-harvest losses and increase value-addition.
The Agricultural Transformation Agenda Support Program Phase II will enhance value chains through the development of 50,000 ha of land for sorghum, maize, and cassava, including the farm-level supply chains and establishment of staple crop processing zones. It will also:
- reduce of post-harvest losses;
- improve linkages with industry with respect to backward integration as well as access to financial services and market; and
- improve rural institutions and infrastructure through the rehabilitation of 550 kms of agricultural access roads.
Côte d'Ivoire: Support to Agro-Industrial Development Centers
The Support to agro-industrial development centers in the regions of Lakes and Poro Project, which is under preparation will enhance large-scale production, processing and marketing of coffee/cocoa (15,000 ha) and rice (13,000 ha) in agro-industrial clusters. It will establish processing units, including cogeneration of electricity, develop agricultural infrastructure and marketing facilities. The anticipated annual production of 100,000 tons of rice and 15,000 tons of coffee/cocoa certified products will supply local, regional and international markets. The project will create approximately 7,000 direct and indirect jobs and will benefit about 500,000 people.
Horn of Africa and Sahel Drought Resilience Programmes
These programmes are expected to improve, on a sustainable basis, the livelihood of the populations in the Horn of Africa and the Sahel, which are frequently affected by droughts, through multi-phased, multinational and multi-sector interventions including:
- capacity building for advocacy, formulation and implementation of adequate policies;
- development of agricultural production, irrigation and water management, processing and marketing infrastructure; and
- agricultural commodity value chains development with special focus on natural resources (soil, water, plant) management.
The Phase-I of the Drought Resilience and Sustainable Livelihoods programme in the Horn of Africa was approved by the Bank in December 2012, for a total amount of USD 125 million. It includes Loans to the Governments of Ethiopia and Kenya; and Grants to the Government of Djibouti and the IGAD Secretariat. The second phase is under preparation.
The Sahel program to Strengthen Resilience to recurrent Food and Nutrition Insecurity is currently under preparation.