Nigeria-Cameroon Highway-Transport Facilitation Program on the Bamenda-Mamfe-Ekok-Abakaliki-Enugu Corridor
The 443 km long Bamenda–Enugu corridor comprises the Cameroonian Bamenda-Mamfe-Ekok road sections on the RN 6 (203 km), the Nigerian road sections (240 km), the bridge over the Munaya River in Cameroon (100 m) and the border bridge over the Cross River (280 m).
The missing coastal corridor link
The levels of service of the various sections of the corridor vary greatly. The programme will:
- Develop and pave 90 km of road, reconstruct 109 km of road and carry out periodic maintenance of 192 km of road, including the construction of highway structures;
- Rehabilitate and/or construct social and market infrastructures, such as feeder roads, market sheds, drying areas for agricultural products, and fencing and rehabilitation of school infrastructure ;
- Remove obstacles to the free flow of traffic by building a common border checkpoint, limiting the number of checkpoints and controlling axle load; and
- Build the capacities of organs responsible for monitoring the implementation of the project. The populations affected by the project, about one hundred families mainly in Cameroon living in houses most of which are built of semi-permanent materials, will be compensated and resettled in the immediate vicinity of the road.
The programme is expected to help increase trade and strengthen cooperation between countries of the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) and those of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) in general, and between Cameroon and Nigeria, in particular. More specifically, the programme seeks to improve the efficiency of the logistic chain of transport along the Bamenda-Enugu corridor, as well as the living environment of populations of the programme area.
The programme will be implemented from July 2008 to December 2013. The direct beneficiaries of the programme are transport service users, as well as the 11 million inhabitants (3 million in Cameroon and 8 million in Nigeria) in the programme area, representing 7% of the total population of the two countries. The programme will reduce overall transport costs, and improve the living conditions of populations living along the road.
Program Development Objectives
The sector goal of the program is to contribute to increased trade and to the strengthening of co-operation between CEMAC zone countries and those of the ECOWAS zone in general and between Cameroon and Nigeria in particular. The specific objective of the program is to improve the efficiency of the transport logistic chain along the Bamenda-Enugu corridor.
The final indicators include as output indicator the number of kilometers of improved roads and as outcome indicators, amongst others, the savings in travel time resulting from the planned interventions, the increased length of corridor highway in a good state, the reduced number of overloaded vehicles, the reduced overall transport costs on the corridor, the reduced border crossing times and the improved accessibility to socio-economic infrastructures (schools, health centres, markets, farm produce processing units, women’s advancement centres).