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Phase II of the Abidjan Sanitation Program has received a significant boost following the mobilization by donors of over US $350 million out of the required US $400 million needed to fund the program successfully. This program, which was presented to donors at a roundtable discussion in Abidjan on October 20-21, 2016, is designed to eradicate the recurring floods in the city of Abidjan and to resolve most of the sanitation-related challenges.
The African Development Bank (AfDB) is contributing US $112 million and US $28 million through the African Development Fund (ADF). The West African Development Bank (BOAD), the Islamic Development Bank (IsDB), and the French Development Agency have contributed US $136 million, US $94 million and US $3.8 million, respectively. The World Bank, the Japanese International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) are still to announce their contributions.
Consolidating the gains of Gourou
Phase II of the Abidjan Sanitation Program is designed to build on the achievements of the Integrated Management program of the Gourou watershed. Funded by the ADF in 2010, the project tackled major floods of the Indénié intersection in the city of Abidjan in the short-term and other drainage issues on the Gourou watershed. The project resulted in job creation, improved sanitation, and better health outcomes for about 280,000 people targeted in the District of Abidjan.
“Floods around the Indénié intersection and the Gourou watershed have dropped significantly since the implementation of this project,” said Mohamed El Azizi, Director of the Water and Sanitation Department of the AfDB at the donors’ roundtable discussion.
Côte d'Ivoire’s Prime Minister, Daniel Kablan Duncan, not only expressed gratitude to the AfDB for supporting the first phase but also acknowledged the immense benefits to the population of Abidjan.
“Several years ago, roads users in Abidjan avoided using the Indénié intersection during the raining season because of massive flooding. Now, you can see that the situation has improved significantly. Residents of Abidjan no longer fear to use the road even when it rains. This is essential because of the great work that was done in the Gourou basin upstream and around the Indénié intersection.”
Four new flood retarding dams were constructed in the Paillet, HMA and Zoo area as part of the emergency phase of the Gourou Integrated Watershed Management Project. Three existing flood retarding dams were rehabilitated in Agban and Dokui neighbourhoods, and drainage channels were created near Casse in the Adjamé area. This project covered about 28 square kilometres in the District of Abidjan and involved the communes of Cocody, Abobo, Adjamé and Plateau.
A study conducted within the implementation of the emergency phase has proposed a series of investment activities to be implemented in the short, medium and long term. The funds raised during the roundtable in Abidjan will cover the almost financing needs for the next 20-year period. The main activities in the short-term will include amongst others, wastewater, solid waste and rainwater management, and road works.