1990-1998 - Algeria - Review of the Bank’s Experience in Supporting Structural Adjustment

This performance evaluation report concerns three reform support programmes financed in Algeria, covering the period 1990-1998 and for which the Bank granted three loans for a total cumulative amount of UA 450 million. The loans concerned are B/ALG/PRE/90/12, B/ALG/PACEF/92/17 and B/ALG/PAS/96/23, for the Economic Reforms Programme (ERP), the Foreign Trade and Tax Reform programme (PACEP) and SAP, each for UA 150 million.

Multinational - Trans-Sahara Highway Project - Appraisal Report

This project concerns the Trans-Sahara Highway (TSH) -an infrastructure at the centre of economic, social, political and security stakes for the continent. The highway is located on the Algiers/Lagos and Dakar/Djibouti trans-African corridors identified by the Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA) as priority projects for achieving NEPAD objectives by 2020

Economic Brief - The Search for Inclusive Growth in North Africa- A Comparative Approach

Key messages • This paper shows that the longstanding relationship between growth and distribution in economics has been revived in recent years with greater focus on inclusive growth as growth that is capable of benefiting much larger sections of the society. • The extensive descriptive review of a broad set of development indicators for the past two decades and an estimation of a combined single score for measuring ‘inclusive growth’ for individual countries has shown that overall North Africa has fared relatively better recently both in historical terms and compared to many other...

AfDB, AUC Sign US $45 Million Grant Agreement to Boost Pan African University

The African Development Bank (AfDB) and the African Union Commission (AUC) have signed a grant agreement worth US $45 million to boost the Pan African University. This grant from AfDB Group’s concessional window, the African Development Fund, will help the African Union establish the Pan African University with a view to enhancing Africa’s competitiveness and growth through the creation of high quality higher education and research capabilities. “The Bank's support to the Pan-African University is a clear demonstration of our commitment to play a key role in Africa’s transformation,”...

Algeria-Niger-Chad - Multinational Trans-Sahara Highway Project - Executive ESIA Summary

This document summarizes the Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) carried out as part of the Multinational Trans-Sahara Highway (TSH) project covering three countries: Algeria, Niger and Chad. Each impact assessment covers a separate component of the project.

The AfDB Group in North Africa 2013

Geographically situated at the northern rim of the continent and at the cross-road of the Arab, European and African worlds, North Africa is a region of unique importance. In 2011, North Africa became the epicenter of social and political movements as the Arab Spring began in Tunisia and spread across and beyond the region. Producing about one-third of Africa’s total GDP and home to more than 170 million people (17% of Africa population), North Africa regroups mainly Middle Income Countries (MICs) and occupies a geopolitical position that goes significantly beyond its economic weight....

Algérie - Réunion de consultation pour la stratégie long-terme

Le Bureau national du Groupe de la Banque africaine en Algérie (DZFO) a organisé, le 22 avril 2012, une consultation nationale sur la Stratégie à long terme de la Banque pour la décennie 2013-2022, au siège de l’Institution, à Alger. Elle s’inscrivait dans le prolongement des larges consultations nationales et régionales lancées en janvier 2012 par la haute direction, en vue de l’élaboration de la Stratégie à long terme de la Banque. Organisée en étroite coordination avec le Ministère des Finances, la consultation nationale en Algérie a vu une large participation des parties prenantes que...

Algeria - Combined 2011-2012 Dialogue Note Completion Report and Country Portfolio Performance Review 2012

The 2011-2012 Dialogue Note for Algeria was approved by the Bank’s Board of Directors in July 2011. It is the first cooperation framework document between the Bank and Algeria since the approval of the 2000-2002 Country Strategy Paper (ADB/BD/WP/2000/102/-Rev.1) in October 2000 and its update in June 2002 (ADB/DB/WP/2000/102/Rev.1/Add.1). Aligned with the country priorities, the three focus areas of cooperation are: (i) public administration capacity building; (ii) private sector development; and (iii) regional integration.

International Development of Health services: North Africa’s Export Prospects

In a recent paper produced as part of a series on North African policies, the African Development Bank (AfDB) analyzes the prospects of exporting the health services available in North Africa. Accelerated growth and job creation pose major challenges for the countries of North Africa (NAF), which are all facing a rapid increase in their workforce. In the Maghreb, the preponderance of the textile-clothing sector and outsourced automobile-related manufacturing in industry, as well the lack of alternative manufacturing specialization largely contribute to fragility. In this context, new...

Economic Brief - The Growth of International Trade in Health Services Export Prospects in North Africa

The acceleration of growth and job creation is a major challenge for North African Countries (NAC) which are witnessing a sharp increase in their labour force. The dominance of the textile/clothing sector and of sub-contracting in the automobile sector within the Maghreb’s industrial fabric, as well as the lack of alternative manufacturing specialization are sources of vulnerability. Consequently, new growth and export sectors must be identified. Manufacturing sector prospects are severely constrained by the opening up of markets to Chinese and East Asian competition, while mining sector...

Assitan Diarra-Thioune, AfDB’s Resident-Representative in Algeria


Annual Statement to Ambassadors 2013 by the AfDB President Donald Kaberuka

Event: Annual Statement to Ambassadors from the Member States of the Bank Accredited to Tunisia and Representatives of International Organizations A l’occasion de l’année nouvelle qui commence, je veux avant tout exprimer à chacune et à chacun de vous ainsi qu’à vos familles, mes vœux ardents de santé et de prospérité.  Je le fais non seulement en mon nom personnel, mais aussi en celui du Conseil d’Administration, de la haute Direction et de l’ensemble du personnel de la Banque Africaine de Développement. A travers vous, je pense aux Souverains et aux Hauts Responsables des...

Economic Brief - The Political Economy of Food Security in North Africa

2007/08 witnessed a serious global food price shock. In 2007 and the first half of 2008 global food prices escalated. From March 2007 to March 2008 wheat prices around the globe rose on average 130%. Energy and commodity prices fell in the latter part of 2008 due to a weakening global economy, but food prices again hit record levels in the first half of 2011 and are predicted to remain high for the foreseeable future (FAO 2008, World Bank 2008 and 2009, Oxfam 2011). This shock refocused the attention of many countries on the issue of food security, and the North Africa region, consisting of...

BAD-Algérie : Stimuler la compétitivité économique à travers le renforcement des capacités de la Caisse nationale d’équipement

.greenbartitle h2 { background: #009653; } .more_iteration {display: none;} Contexte La Banque africaine de développement (BAD) et l’Algérie ont, depuis quelques années, donné une nouvelle impulsion à leur partenariat, en faisant de l’assistance technique, un facteur déterminant de promotion de l’économie du pays. Pour un financement de 600.000 UC, soit environ 725.000 Euros, cette assistance  de la BAD à la Caisse Nationale d’Equipement pour le Développement (CNED), s’est traduite spécifiquement par le renforcement des capacités opérationnelles. Le...

Economic Brief - Inequality and Arab Spring Revolutions in North Africa and the Middle East

The Middle East and North Africa (MENA), made up of the Arabian Peninsula, the Levant, and North Africa (Figure 1), has one of the fastest growing populations in the world. In 2011, its population was estimated at 355 million. The region has vast reserves of oil and natural gas: estimates in 2011 put its known oil reserves at more than 50% of the global total while its known gas reserves were estimated at more than 40% of the world total. At the same time, the region accounts for over 35% of world oil production and over 20% of global natural gas production.

Economic Brief - Open, Smart and Inclusive Development: ICT for Transforming North Africa

North Africa is adjusting to forces of change, ranging from globalization to a technological revolution and fast growing young population. The global financial and economic crisis has undermined a blind faith in free markets, and revived interest in pursuing smart strategies by both the government and private sector in support of technological innovation and structural transformation (Lin, 2010). Rising unemployment and inequality, and the recent popular uprisings now lend more urgency to rethinking economic development for North Africa. The information and communication technology (ICT)...

Economic Brief - Political Transitions and New Socioeconomic Bargains in North Africa

High unemployment, inequality, and anger at corruption fueled the popular revolts that brought down the authoritarian regimes in Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya. Despite a GDP growth rate in Tunisia of 4.6 in 2008 and 3.0 in 2009, unemployment was alarmingly high. Youth unemployment was estimated at around 30% during those years with a national average of 14%. Regional disparities in employment and poverty within Tunisia were distressingly high. The revolution began in the impoverished interior of the country. Meanwhile, prior to regime breakdown Egypt suffered from high unemployment, extensive...

The AfDB Group in North Africa 2012

Geographically situated at the northern rim of the continent, North Africa (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, and Tunisia) constitutes a central part of Africa. It is also central to the the history and the daily operations of the African Development Bank (AfDB). The countries of the region were instrumental in the creation of the AfDB more than 45 years ago and are now contributing nearly 20 percent of the Bank’s subscribed capital. Since the beginning of its operations in 1966, the Bank Group has committed nearly US$ 17 billion in loans and grants to North Africa, consistently...

Economic Brief - Chinese Investments and Employment Creation in Algeria and Egypt

China’s presence in North African economies (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia) is expanding rapidly as both an important trading partner and increasingly as an investor into the region. Chinese involvement can be readily seen in sectors like energy, infrastructure development and retail trade across the region. Less recognised is the growing position of Chinese firms in the manufacturing sectors of selected North African countries. At the same time, like other lower to middle income developing countries, North African industry has experienced the fallout associated with Chinese...

Economic Brief - Agricultural Use of Groundwater and Management Initiatives in the Maghreb: Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Aquifer Exploitation

The intensive use of natural resources in the Maghreb, in particular by the agricultural sector, is creating an urgent need to design governance mechanisms at both the local and national level. Groundwater has become one of the most fragile of these resources. The rapid development of groundwater use for irrigation in the Maghreb has resulted in significant agricultural growth, but in many regions, such development has become unsustainable because of aquifer overexploitation or water and soil salinization. Adequate instruments to address this unsustainable use are not easy to design and...