Climate Change


Madagascar - National Climate Change Profile

The Republic of Madagascar (henceforth ‘Madagascar’ and shown below in Figure 1-1) is an island nation off the southeast coast of Africa. The country has a population of ~25,600,000 people, of which ~35% are urban and ~77% of the urban population are living in slums. Madagascar is one of the poorest and most ruralised of African countries, having the seventh highest proportion of population working in agriculture (~74%) the highest proportion of people living below the poverty line of USD 1.90/day (~77%) and the 6th highest percentage of the population undernourished (~33%).

Mauritania - National Climate Change Profile

The Islamic Republic of Mauritania (henceforth ‘Mauritania’ and shown below in figure 1-1) is a large (1,040,000 km2, 10th largest in Africa) and sparsely populated country (4 people/km2, 3rd lowest in Africa) in the arid Maghreb region of West Africa. Mauritania is bordered by Senegal and the Senegal River at the country’s southwest, by Mali at the southeast and east of the country, by Algeria at the northeast, and by the disputed territories of Western Sahara at the north and northwest. Mauritania’s west coast is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, where the country’s two largest urban centres...

Morocco - National Climate Change Profile

Morocco (shown below in Figure 1-1) is a sovereign country located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. The country has a rugged, mountainous landscape with vast deserts and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic and Mediterranean Oceans. Morocco has a Mediterranean climate and the country ranges from having forests in the northern regions to deserts in the south. Morocco has a population of ~35,200,000 people and a slow population growth rate of ~1.2% p/a.

Algeria - National Climate Change Profile

The People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria (henceforth ‘Algeria’) is a North African country bounded by the Mediterranean in the North and the Sahara Desert in the South. Algeria is bordered by Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Tunisia and Western Sahara and is the largest state in Africa in terms of total geographic size. The economy of Algeria is strongly reliant on the export of gas and petroleum products, as well as exports of speciality agricultural produce (~8.8% of the workforce is in agriculture) and minerals such as iron, zinc and copper.

Uganda - National Climate Change Profile

The Republic of Uganda (henceforth, ‘Uganda’, shown below in Figure 1-1) is a landlocked country in East Africa in the African Great Lakes region. Lake Victoria covers a substantial portion of southern Uganda. The country has a tropical equatorial climate. Uganda is the 9th most populous country in Africa with a population of ~38,982,000 people, and the rate of population growth is relatively fast (~3.3%, 3rd highest in Africa).

Sudan - National Climate Change Profile

The Republic of the Sudan (henceforth, ‘Sudan’, shown below in Table 1-1), also known as North Sudan since South Sudan's independence, is a country in Northern Africa. As the third-largest country in Africa, Sudan’s landscape includes several distinct biogeographic regions and features, including the coastline of the Red Sea, the inland catchment and plains of the Nile River, savanna woodlands in the south and extensive semi-desert and desert in the central and northern interior. The majority of the country is classified as semi-arid or desert climate.

South Sudan - National Climate Change Profile

The Republic of South Sudan (henceforth, ‘South Sudan’, shown below in Figure 1-1) is a landlocked country in Northeastern Africa. South Sudan has a population of ~13,096,000 people and has a slow population growth rate of ~2.9% per year). The majority of the population is rural (~81.8%).

Somalia - National Climate Change Profile

Somalia (officially the Federal Republic of Somalia, shown below in Figure 1-1) is an East African country situated at the Horn of Africa, bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the northwest, the Gulf of Aden to the north, and Kenya to the southwest. Somalia’s landscape, the majority of which is classified as semi-arid or arid desert, is bordered by a coastline of ~3,300 km (the longest in continental Africa). As a result of protracted social and economic stability, Somalia’s development has been severely undermined in the period since the outbreak of...

Kenya - National Climate Change Profile

The Republic of Kenya (henceforth ‘Kenya’, shown below in Figure 1-1) is a country in East Africa that borders on the Indian Ocean. Kenya is one of the largest economies in Africa, ranking in the top ten for total GDP (~USD 70.5 billion). Kenya is also among the ten most populous countries on the continent with a population of ~48,000,000 people and over 60% of the country’s workforce is in agriculture (est. 2017, [1]).

Ethiopia - National Climate Change Profile

The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (henceforth ‘Ethiopia’, shown below in Figure 1-1) is a landlocked country in the Horn of Africa. It shares borders with Eritrea to the north and northeast, Djibouti and Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south. Ethiopia is the second-most populous country in Africa (~104,300,000 people).

Burundi - National Climate Change Profile

The Republic of Burundi (henceforth, ‘Burundi’, shown below in Figure 1-1) is a landlocked country in the Great Lakes region of Africa and is one of the smallest countries on the continent. Burundi has the smallest urban population in Africa (~11%) but has the third highest urbanisation rate (~5.6%) on the continent. Burundi is one of the poorest and least-developed countries in Africa, with the second highest proportion (~78%) of people living below the poverty line, ~92% of the workforce in agriculture and only 7% of the population has access to electricity. As a result, Burundi has a Human...

Gabon - National Climate Change Profile

The Gabonese Republic (henceforth ‘Gabon’ and shown below in Figure 1-1) is a tropical, coastal country on the west coast of Africa. Located on the equator, Gabon is bordered by Equatorial Guinea to the northwest, Cameroon to the north, the Republic of the Congo on the east and south, and the Gulf of Guinea to the west. Gabon is one of the 10 least populated countries in Africa with a population ~1,800,000 people.

DRC - National Climate Change Profile

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (henceforth ‘the DRC’, shown below in Figure 1-1) is a hot and humid country in Central Africa, lying across the equator. The DRC borders the Central African Republic and South Sudan to the north; Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and Tanzania to the east; Zambia and Angola to the south; the Republic of the Congo to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the southwest. It is the second largest country in Africa by area (2,266,000 km2) and the fourth most populous (~82,200,000 people) country in Africa. Approximately 38% of the DRC’s population is urban, of which ~75%...

Climate Change and Green Growth - 2018 Annual Report


AfDB-CIF Annual Report 2018 - Financing Change

Welcome to the AfDB-CIF 2018 Annual Report. 2018 marks the 10th anniversary of the Climate Investment Funds (CIF). Ten years after its creation, CIF has delivered on its founding ambition to channel unparalleled levels of climate finance to developing countries. Over 300 CIF investments across 72 countries worldwide are supporting 26.5 GW in new clean power capacity, improved energy access for over 8.5 million people and 300,000 businesses, greater climate resilience for 45 million people and 44,000 businesses, and 36 million hectares of more sustainable forests

Chad - Business Climate Improvement and Economic Diversification Support Project - Appraisal Report

PACADET’s objective is to promote private sector development and economic diversification in order to lay the groundwork for inclusive economic development in Chad. Its operational objectives are to improve the investment climate by implementing two major components, namely: (i) Supporting public and private sector dialogue and investment climate reform; and (ii) Supporting entrepreneurship and investment promotion.

Changement climatique : vers un forum annuel pour encourager les investissements climatiques en Afrique

L’atelier international sur la préparation des projets d’investissement pour la Réduction des émissions dues à la déforestation et la dégradation des forêts (REDD+) en Afrique, s’est tenu du 13 au 15 août 2019 à Abidjan. Des experts en gestion durable des forêts venant de 18 pays africains se sont engagés à organiser annuellement un forum sur les investissements REDD+, en vue de mobiliser des fonds destinés à la lutte contre le changement climatique sur le continent. Une soixantaine d’experts africains de la REDD+, participants à l’atelier, ont adopté « Les Résolutions d’Abidjan...

African Development Bank welcomes $20 million investment from the Clean Technology Fund for the Facility for Energy Inclusion

The Clean Technology Fund (CTF) one of two multi-donor trust funds within the Climate Investment Funds (CIF)  on August 8, 2019 approved $20 million for the Facility for Energy Inclusion (FEI), a facility sponsored by the African Development Bank to  provide sustainable financing for small-scale renewables in Africa. FEI is a $500 million financing platform whose objective is to catalyze financial support for innovative energy access solutions.  FEI On-grid, a targeted USD 400 million fund, supports improved energy access through the development of small-scale renewable...

Africa’s key development partners unite to tackle hunger as millions face food insecurity in times of climate change

Kigali, August 8, 2019 – Development partners in Africa have pledged to pool their resources to counter food insecurity on the continent. The commitment was formalized at the first Africa Food Security Leadership Dialogue (AFSLD) held in Kigali, Rwanda, August 5-6, in partnership with the African Union, leaders of the African Development Bank, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the International Fund for Agricultural Development and the World Bank. The event focused on strengthening and accelerating support to Africa’s food security programs and helping African...

International Workshop for the design of REDD+ Investment Projects in Africa

WHAT: International workshop on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) projects WHO: The African Development Bank, Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development of Côte d’Ivoire, the Green Climate Fund (GCF), and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) WHEN:  Tuesday, 13 August 2019 - Friday, 16 August 2019 WHERE: African Development Bank, CCIA building, Abidjan   The Africa Climate Smart Agriculture Program (ACSA) of the African Development Bank, in collaboration with the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable...