The AfDB Group in North Africa 2013

Geographically situated at the northern rim of the continent and at the cross-road of the Arab, European and African worlds, North Africa is a region of unique importance. In 2011, North Africa became the epicenter of social and political movements as the Arab Spring began in Tunisia and spread across and beyond the region. Producing about one-third of Africa’s total GDP and home to more than 170 million people (17% of Africa population), North Africa regroups mainly Middle Income Countries (MICs) and occupies a geopolitical position that goes significantly beyond its economic weight....

La Libye rallie les donateurs du FAD - Assemblées annuelles 2013


Migration of Tunisians to Libya: Dynamics Challenges and Prospects

This publication was prepared by the staff and consultants of the International Organization for Migration in Tunisia (IOM Tunis) and the African Development Bank (AfDB), in collaboration with the Office for Tunisians Living Abroad (OTE).

International Development of Health services: North Africa’s Export Prospects

In a recent paper produced as part of a series on North African policies, the African Development Bank (AfDB) analyzes the prospects of exporting the health services available in North Africa. Accelerated growth and job creation pose major challenges for the countries of North Africa (NAF), which are all facing a rapid increase in their workforce. In the Maghreb, the preponderance of the textile-clothing sector and outsourced automobile-related manufacturing in industry, as well the lack of alternative manufacturing specialization largely contribute to fragility. In this context, new...

Economic Brief - The Growth of International Trade in Health Services Export Prospects in North Africa

The acceleration of growth and job creation is a major challenge for North African Countries (NAC) which are witnessing a sharp increase in their labour force. The dominance of the textile/clothing sector and of sub-contracting in the automobile sector within the Maghreb’s industrial fabric, as well as the lack of alternative manufacturing specialization are sources of vulnerability. Consequently, new growth and export sectors must be identified. Manufacturing sector prospects are severely constrained by the opening up of markets to Chinese and East Asian competition, while mining sector...

Annual Statement to Ambassadors 2013 by the AfDB President Donald Kaberuka

Event: Annual Statement to Ambassadors from the Member States of the Bank Accredited to Tunisia and Representatives of International Organizations A l’occasion de l’année nouvelle qui commence, je veux avant tout exprimer à chacune et à chacun de vous ainsi qu’à vos familles, mes vœux ardents de santé et de prospérité.  Je le fais non seulement en mon nom personnel, mais aussi en celui du Conseil d’Administration, de la haute Direction et de l’ensemble du personnel de la Banque Africaine de Développement. A travers vous, je pense aux Souverains et aux Hauts Responsables des...

M. Issoufou Issaka, Ministre de l'Hydraulique et de l'Environnement, Président du Conseil des Ministres de la Commission du Bassin du Lac Tchad


Interview with Engr. Sanusi Imram Abdullahi, Executive Secretary of the Lac Chad Basin Commission


Board Approves ICT Strategy, MENA Transition Fund and Projects in Zimbabwe, Mozambique and East Africa

The Executive Directors of the African Development Bank (AfDB) Group on Wednesday approved the institution’s Information Technology Strategy 2013-2015 and the Bank Group’s Participation in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Transition Fund. At their regular weekly meeting in Tunis, the Board also approved over US $107 million (UA 69.95 million) in loans and grants to finance projects in Zimbabwe, Nacala Corridor in Mozambique, and the integration of payments systems in East Africa. Information Technology Strategy 2013 – 2015 The IT strategy lays out the various changes which the...

Economic Brief - The Political Economy of Food Security in North Africa

2007/08 witnessed a serious global food price shock. In 2007 and the first half of 2008 global food prices escalated. From March 2007 to March 2008 wheat prices around the globe rose on average 130%. Energy and commodity prices fell in the latter part of 2008 due to a weakening global economy, but food prices again hit record levels in the first half of 2011 and are predicted to remain high for the foreseeable future (FAO 2008, World Bank 2008 and 2009, Oxfam 2011). This shock refocused the attention of many countries on the issue of food security, and the North Africa region, consisting of...

Economic Brief - Could Oil Shine like Diamonds? How Botswana Avoided the Resource Curse and its Implications for a New Libya

At the heart of the socio-economic grievances that led to Libya’s revolution was the rentier economy of the Qaddafi regime. Though oil resources had permitted Libya to accumulate wealth, the country suffered from a number of macroeconomic concerns. By 1973, Libya had a dualistic undiversified economy dominated by the state, afflicted by pervasive rent seeking and regulatory deficiencies (Vandewalle, 2011). The effects of the rentier characteristics of Libya’s economy permeated both the economic and political structures of the country. Excessive oil resources had allowed the political elite to...

Economic Brief - Inequality and Arab Spring Revolutions in North Africa and the Middle East

The Middle East and North Africa (MENA), made up of the Arabian Peninsula, the Levant, and North Africa (Figure 1), has one of the fastest growing populations in the world. In 2011, its population was estimated at 355 million. The region has vast reserves of oil and natural gas: estimates in 2011 put its known oil reserves at more than 50% of the global total while its known gas reserves were estimated at more than 40% of the world total. At the same time, the region accounts for over 35% of world oil production and over 20% of global natural gas production.

Economic Brief - Open, Smart and Inclusive Development: ICT for Transforming North Africa

North Africa is adjusting to forces of change, ranging from globalization to a technological revolution and fast growing young population. The global financial and economic crisis has undermined a blind faith in free markets, and revived interest in pursuing smart strategies by both the government and private sector in support of technological innovation and structural transformation (Lin, 2010). Rising unemployment and inequality, and the recent popular uprisings now lend more urgency to rethinking economic development for North Africa. The information and communication technology (ICT)...

Jobs, Justice and the Arab Spring - Inclusive Growth in North Africa

In 2011, the North Africa region became the global epicenter of social upheaval and political change. The region, with Tunisia in the forefront, became a source of admiration and inspiration for people from all walks of life around the globe—from youth rallies in Spain and China to Occupy Wall Street in New York to uprisings in Yemen and Syria. The political origins of the Arab Spring are straightforward: governments in Egypt, Libya and Tunisia had failed to respond adequately to the growing demands of political inclusion and good governance. However, the revolutions also had serious...

The AfDB Group in North Africa 2012

Geographically situated at the northern rim of the continent, North Africa (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, and Tunisia) constitutes a central part of Africa. It is also central to the the history and the daily operations of the African Development Bank (AfDB). The countries of the region were instrumental in the creation of the AfDB more than 45 years ago and are now contributing nearly 20 percent of the Bank’s subscribed capital. Since the beginning of its operations in 1966, the Bank Group has committed nearly US$ 17 billion in loans and grants to North Africa, consistently...

The AfDB Group in North Africa 2011

Geographically defining the northern rim of the continent, North Africa (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, and Tunisia) constitutes a central part of Africa as well as the history and the daily operations of the African Development Bank (AfDB). The countries of the region were thus instrumental in the creation of the AfDB more than 45 years ago and are now contributing nearly 20 percent of the Bank’s subscribed capital. Since the beginning of its operations in 1966, the Bank Group has committed nearly US$25 billion in loans and grants to North Africa, consistently aimed at...

AfDB-Tunisia: "The Presence of Friends is Reassuring and Catalyses Support," says Minister Triki

"The African Development Bank is one of the reliable friends who stands by you before you even launch an appeal for help”, said Tunisia’s Planning and International Cooperation Minister, Abdelhamid Triki, on Monday, 14 March 14, 2011. Mr. Triki was speaking after the signing ceremony of a one-million-dollar emergency humanitarian assistance grant from the AfDB in support of displaced people at the Tunisia-Libya border. The minister drew attention to the cooperation between Tunisia and the AfDB, and the major role it has played for several years in implementing Tunisia’s development program...

Entretien avec le représentant de la Croix-Rouge, Jean-Michel Monod

«L’action de la BAD est très positive… ce don contribuera également au renforcement des efforts logistiques de nos collègues du Croissant-Rouge tunisien », a déclaré le représentant de la Croix-Rouge, Jean-Michel Monod, suite à la signature d’un don d’un million de dollars avec la BAD, ce lundi, 14 mars 2011 à Tunis. Question : M. Jean Michel Monod, comme il a été souligné lors de la cérémonie de signature, la BAD, son Conseil d’administration et son personnel étaient préoccupés par les conditions des personnes déplacées à la frontière tuniso-libyenne.  En témoigne ce don d’...

The AfDB Group in North Africa 2009

We are pleased to present the first regional report on the Bank’s activities in North-Africa, setting out both an overview of our projects, in both private and the public sector, studies and strategy in the region. The financial crisis was a key event for 2009, which covers the dates of this report and presented us with an opportunity to show our relevance and responsiveness to our clients in North Africa. The full extent of the crisis is still unfolding and its ramifications on the real economy have not yet fully occurred. The crisis fed into pre-existing vulnerabilities and the threat of...

13th Ordinary Session of the African Union Summit

The theme of the 13th Ordinary Session of the African Union Summit of Heads of State and Government is: “Investing in Agriculture for Economic Growth and Food Security”. The dates of the ordinary sessions of the Assembly are as follows: 24-26 June 2009: 18th Ordinary Session of the Permanent Representatives Committee 28-30 June 2009: 17th Ordinary Session of the Executive Council 1-3 July 2009: 13th Ordinary Session of the Assembly Links African Union Web site