Project Details
ID: P-KE-E00-005 Name: WATER SERVICES BOARDS SUPPORT PROJECT Status: Completed Country: Kenya
Sector: Water Sup/Sanit Approval date: 21-Nov-2007 Task Manager: SIFUMA John, RDGE2
Total cost: 56900000
Currency: UAC
Source(s) of financing
ADF: 35190000
Cofinanced: 1010000
Government: 10630000
RWSSI: 9791974.93
Implementing Agency: MINISTRY OF WATER DEVELOPMENT Location: Water Services Boards areas


The project objective is to improve water supply and sanitation services in urban, peri-urban and rural communities within the service areas of the Athi, Lake Victoria South, Northern and Tana Water Services Boards.


A. Institutional Support to LVSWSB, NWSB, TWSB, and fourteen WSPs This component will cover support to LVSWSB and one of its WSP, to NWSB and nine of its WSPs and to TWSB and four of its WSPs. The component will assist in updating of the Business Plans; will assist in the enhancing capacity of the WSBs to monitor technical, commercial, and financial performance targets; will assist in project management activities; will assist in activities to decrease the unaccounted-for-water; will focus support on improving the billing and collection systems; logistical support, equipment and training will be provided; short-term training including study tours will also be undertaken for key staff; will provide transport to assist the project management and coordination activities; studies will be undertaken to update and value the fixed assets; cost of service supply studies; and provision has also been made for the annual technical and financial audits of the WSPs performance. B. Water Supply and Sanitation Improvements for Migori in the LVSWSB area, Isiolo, Mandera, and Nyahururu in the NWSB area, and for Muranga and Maragua Districts in the TWSB area. (i)Migori: Currently only 17% of the population is serviced by the water supply scheme. The WSPs has been established: Mikutra Water Company. The works include boreholes, new river intake, raw water mains, treatment works, storage tanks, distribution networks, metering of all customers, on-site wastewater management, public latrine rehabilitation/commercialization, sanitation and health education campaigns, latrine emptying service, rehabilitation of wastewater lagoons of two large institutions (hospital and teachers training college). (ii)Isiolo, Mandera, and Nyahururu: The total 1999 census population of the three towns is 230,000. The total current water production is less than 10,000 3/day while the total demand is 23,000 m3/day. The WSPs for the three towns are in the process of being established. The works include spring/river intakes, boreholes, raw water mains, treatment works, pumping stations, transmission mains, storage tanks, and distribution networks, including metering of all customers. (iii)Muranga and Maragua Districts Bulk Water Supply Project. The total 1999 census population of the two districts is 735,616. The two districts are currently served by seven water supply schemes which are experiencing serious water supply deficits. Four WSPs have been licensed to operate these schemes. There is need for increased water production, rehabilitation and augmenting of their capacities. The proposed project intends to produce and distribute around 60,000 m3/day for a total population estimated at around 800,000 in 2015. The works include: river intakes, raw water mains, treatment works, storage tanks, transmission mains to Muranga, Kahuti, Kigumo, Kandara, Gatango, Mathioya, and Makuyu, and rehabilitation of existing distribution network including metering of all consumers. C. Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Program: This component covers the development and implementation of LVSWSB and NWSB Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Program. This will involve determining the current levels of rural water supply and sanitation in the LVSWSB and NWSB and development of a rural water supply and sanitation program based on demand responsive approach. The LVSWSB Rural Water Supply and Sanitation activities will focus on the three districts, Migori, Kuria, and Transmara, which are the same districts covered by the urban WSP of Migori, MIKUTRA. The programs will follow the participatory Community Project Cycle (CPC) approach as used by the Water Services Trust Fund (WSTF). Also the program will use the guidelines and training manuals of the WSTF developed. D. Kibera Development Support: This component will include support for the on-going Kenya Slum Upgrading Programme which is a collaborative initiative between Government of Kenya and UN-Habitat and whose main objective is to improve the livelihoods of people living and working in slum areas. This will cover improvement of water supply systems and sanitation facilities in selective areas of Kibera. It was agreed between AWSB, UN Habitat and the Mission that UN Habitat would finance a one month consultancy to prepare this component in detail, which will be implemented through the Athi Water Services Board (AWSB).


The project will benefit: the Water Services Boards through institutional support; the 120,000 inhabitants of Migori and environs, the 230,000 inhabitants of the three towns of Isiolo, Mandera, and Nyahururu and environs particularly the poor living in peri-urban areas who are affected the most by the inadequate water services and who suffer the most from the high incidence of water-related diseases in the areas. It will also benefit the industries in the area as well as the institutions. 624,126 inhabitants of Muranga and Maragua Districts with improved access to rural water and sanitation facilities; 207,000 inhabitants of Migori, Kuria, and Transmara Districts with improved access to rural water and sanitation facilities; 250,000 inhabitants of the Northern Water Services Board area with improved access to rural water and sanitation facilities;


The project is designed to increase water supply and sanitation services in a) Lake Victoria South Water Services Board (LVSWSB) (one town and rural communities), b) the Northern Water Services Board (NWSB) (three towns and rural communities) and c) the Tana Water Services Board (TWSB) (water supply for two districts). This will ensure that the LVSWSB, NWSB and the TWSB have schemes that have been rehabilitated to an acceptable state with low levels of UfW, and good knowledge of its consumers. The production capacity will be increased in the project towns to meet current and medium term demand, and provide services to 500,000 rural consumers. Assistance in the rehabilitation and expansion of services will be accompanied with institutional support to the new WSBs and their WSPs. The project will provide technical assistance to LVSWSB, NWSB, TWSB and the WSPs in the selected project towns, to ensure that the three WSBs develop adequate institutional capacity to manage its contracts with the WSPs, and that the WSPs will have adequate capacity for operation and maintenance, as well as financial management of the project schemes. The project will provide short-term training, on the job training as well as arrange study tours for some of the key staff. The priority is given to rehabilitation and restoration of the facilities for increasing production capacity, reduction of wastage and losses by introducing full scale metering of connections, as well as the gradual introduction of full cost recovery tariffs. Sanitation improvements in the project towns took into consideration the need to improve access to services by the poor in low-income urban areas by providing communal and public latrines and extending community managed and metered water kiosks into these areas. The sanitation improvements will also raise awareness about water quality and the many water borne diseases, reduce the contamination of water supplies known to occur during collection, transportation and storage, combating malaria and avoiding HIV/AIDS. The project will extend services in the low coverage rural areas. The rural water supply and sanitation component will be following the participatory Community Project Cycle (CPC) as developed and applied by the Water Services Trust Fund (WSTF). Communities will be trained to operate and maintain the schemes of their choice and mechanisms to ensure availability of spare parts will be put in place.