Source(s) of financing ADF: 7370000 Government: 900000
Implementing Agency: MIN OF AGRIC, FOOD,COOPERATIVES
The project aims at achieving the following goals : (i) Increase rice production in Zanzibar for local consumption and thus reduce rice import bills; (ii) Assist the Zanzibar Ministry of Agriculture to build up and strengthen the services essential for the success of rice development programmes/projects; (iii)Improve the standard of living of participating farm families through increased yields and farm earning; and (iv) Create employment opportunities and develop skills in the rural areas.
The components of the project are as follows : a) Institutional support : the construction of buildings and provision of vehicles; b) Mechanisation services : procurement of farm machinery and implements and milling facilities, and provision of mechanisation services; c) Infrastructural Development : including the construction of farm tracks, drainage ditches and soil conservation works; d) Agricultural Inputs : procurement and distribution of farm inputs to participating farmers; e) Technical assistance : the project manager plus four technical specialists; f) Operating costs : salaries for a specialised extension service, plus vehicle and machinery operating costs.
The comparative costs of production for rice and beans with the project and without the project are detailled in annex 12. In the without project model the material inputs amount to 717 shillings and 505 shillings for mechanization. The labour requirement without the project is 260 man days and with the project only 120 days. Gross income without the project is 2,400 shillings and with the project it is 4,800 shillings. Therefore, the gross margin without the project is 2,330 and 3,578 with the project, a gain of 50% In the without the project model for beans the farmer's cost for material inputs is only 100 shillings for seed. In the with the project model the farmer pays 708 shillings for seed and insecticide and 281 shillings for mechanization. The labour requirement is 67 days without the project and 98 man days with the project, a 100 % increase. Overall then with the project the farmer increases his income by 2,359 shillings and at the same time he reduces man days labour by 109 man days; his return to labour is over 100% more than the minimum daily wage.
The UNDP/FAO was believed to demonstrate that there were short-term high yielding varieties wich could transform traditional rice production in Zanzibar. The project would promote the improved varieties, and would remove the other constraints to increased production by providing mechanised cultivation services, input supplies and extension services.