Source(s) of financing ADF: 16930000 Government: 1880000
Implementing Agency: MINISTRY OF COMMUNICATIONS & TRANSPORT
Location: Zanzibar Unguja Island
The objective of the project is to reduce vehicle operating and road maintenance costs and improve road transport services in Unguja Island and to achieve better management of the road network..
In order to achieve these objectives the project will focus attention on: A. Civil Works Construction of four bridges and upgrading of five gravel roads in 5 districts to asphatic concrete standard with 6.0 m wide carriage way with 1.0m to 1.5m wide shoulders on each side for a total length of 87.43km. The Upgrading Works will be of the following road sections: Zanzibar Town (Manzizini)-Fumba Road (17.81 km) Kinyasini-Tunguu Road (26.77 km) Zanzibar Town (Amani)-Dunga Road (12.75 km) Mfenesini-Bumbwinini Road (13.10 km) Paje-Makunduchi Road (17.0 km) Mahonda-Mkokotoni Road (Four Bridges only) B
Most of the areas served by the roads are principally agricultural in nature and have great tourism attraction prospects. In the Manzini-Fumba road area, the agriculture is based on tree crops and annual vegetable production with an estimated 65 % of the working population employed in agricultural cultivation. Furthermore this road will also form the main access to the Export Processing Zone, proposed for the Fumba Peninsular. The GOZ plan to develop the tourism along the coastal area through the tourism zoning plan. The Paje area forms part of the first phase of the development of this plan with 4 hotels with 550 beds while Makunduchi is planned as a higher quality hotel development with 600 beds. There is a great potential for developing the tourism industry, but this development has been hampered by the inadequate road infrastructure. In order to implement th e tourist plan, the road infrastructure is recognized as priority. In the northern section of the Kinyasini-Tunguu road area, at Upenja and Kilombero, there are large areas devoted to rain-fed rice and sugar (formely) cultivation. In the southern section the agriculture is principally based on tree crops (particularly s pices) and annual vegetable production. It is estimated that over 80 % of the working population in this area are employed in agricultural cultivation. Along the Zanzibar Town to Dunga road, the agricultural activity largely comprises tree crops and vegetable production, together with rain-fed rice plantations in the Mwera river flood-plain employing about 60 % pf the working population and takes place in tandem with associated small industrial undertakings such as furniture making, concrete block manufacture and mechanical workshops. In addition a significant proportion of the population of this area commute to Zanzibar town on a daily basis. The Mahonda-Mkokotoni road area is principally agricultural in nature, comprising tree crops (particularly spices) and vegetable production.In the area to the west and north of Mahonda there were formerly extensive areas of sugar cultivation, with associated processing facilities. The factory at Mahonda is currently not in operation and much of the estates are uncultivated. The principal agricultural activity in the Mfenesini-Bumbwini area comprises tree crops, particularly spices and coconuts, and vegetable production. Within Bumbwini village there are numerous, small-scale, industrial enterprises which provide mainly for the local community.Fishing is carried out on a small scale, but is not significant on a national basis. It is estimated that over 90 % of the working population in the North B district are employed in agricultural cultivation.The short spur road from Mangapwani to the west coast is locally significant, providing access to the tourist sites of the former slav e caves and adjacent beach/leisure resort. This area has been zoned for future tourist development as per the National Land Use Plan 1995.