P-UG-E00-012

Project Details
ID: P-UG-E00-012 Name: WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION PROGRAMME PHASE II Status: Ongoing Country: Uganda
Sector: Water Sup/Sanit Approval date: 03-Feb-2016 Task Manager: MBIRO Andrew, RDGE2
Total cost: 73110000
Currency: UAC
Source(s) of financing
ADF: 65800000
Implementing Agency: MINISTRY OF WATER & ENVIRONMENT Location: Central region & rural regions

Objectives

WSSP II objectives are aligned to the overall sector objectives Its contrbuting towards achieving urban target of 100% coverage and rural coverage of 90% by 2035.The JWESSP is targeting providing access to safe water supply to at least 3.4 million Ugandans (rural: 2.5 million; small towns and rural growth centres: 0.9 million), and increasing access to improved sanitation for the same target population by 2018

Description

Rural Water Supply and Sanitation (RWSS) "implementation of rural water supply infrastructure, focussing on 10 Large Gravity Flow Schemes (LGFS) and 70 solar powered water mini schemes "Support sanitation implementation through, construction of 50 public sanitation facilities in schools, institutions, RGCs in form of waterborne toilet facilities."Support sanitation and hygiene awareness including Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS), handwashing campaigns promotional training workshops, production of IEC materials, sanitation baseline surveys, setting up and training of WASH structures for the public facilities constructed, gender awareness and triggering and follow up of triggered communities to ensure attainment of Open Defecation Free (ODF) status. Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation (STWSS) "Implementation of 25 new and rehabilitation/expansion of Town water supply systems. Support construction of 2 faecal sludge plants including supply of 2 cesspool empties and 4 Vacutugs. Construction of 100 public water-borne toilets , implement sanitation and hygiene development through, community-based planning, baseline surveys, sanitation and hygiene education, CLTS, physical constructions and installations. The engagements with beneficiaries will address crosscutting elements of gender, HIV-AIDs, environmental restoration, M&E , training and capacity building "Support Sanitation and hygiene promotion, training of masons, women and youth groups in construction and management of appropriate sanitation measures. Sector Program Support (SPS) "The Sector Programme Support (SPS) component will address both urban and rural facilities supporting Climate Change Resilience for protection of 90 water source catchments, training of 200 women and youth in different skills to support ecosystem restoration and improve their livelihood, Mainstreaming HIV/AIDS and awareness creation on lifestyle diseases, support sector coordination and programme monitoring; and support capacity development program for private sector, Local Government and Ministry staff in drilling and design of solar powered piped water systems.

Benefits

Urban WSS Component (AfDB funds only) 124 new piped water syestems created in 32 towns(some clustered) 201 water system rehabilited 310,000 new water connections established 4125 public and institutional sanitation facilities 502 feacal sludge plants constructed 606 Cesspool emptiers procured 724 Water boards established 824 Water Authorities assisted with procuring Private Operators 9100 artisans/masons trained (30% women) 1040 trainings for hygien promotion conducted Rural WSS component (AfDB funds only) 111 large inter district Gravity Flow schemes constructed with a regional spread 270 Solar powered water schemes constructed country wide 312 public/school sanitation facilities constructed 4100 artisans/masons trained (30% women) 510 CLTS campaigns conducted 6500 people trained in hyiegine and sanitation promotion

Rational

1.2.1Access to potable water and improved sanitation has always been central to Uganda's development agenda. It has featured strongly in the Poverty Eradication Action Plans (PEAP) and its successor, the NDP I &II. The country has made substantial progress in increasing coverage to safe drinking water from 42% in 1991 to 64% in 2014, while access to sanitation has raised from 51% in 2001 to 74.6% in 2014. There are however still funding limitations for the water sub-sector to accelerate coverage in the water stressed areas due to high investment requirements. The sector, during its 2014 annual review, committed to rollout large gravity flow schemes (GFS) to cover wider water stressed areas, bringing piped water closer to the rural populations and progressively reduce the common sight of women carrying water on their heads for long distances from wells. The annual review further committed to work towards reducing congestion at rural water point sources to minimise the waiting time and improve service levels. The strategic option to address the challenges, while taking on board climate change considerations, was to progressively invest in solar powered mini-piped water schemes on high yielding existing and new boreholes to improve on the service levels and reduce congestion on overcrowded water supplies.Likewise, the current urban coverage of water supply and sanitation in Uganda's Central Region (WSDF-C) remains low and is constrained by the rapid population growth and increased urbanization (estimated at 5.74%) linked to proximity to the capital city. The WSDF-C has over 208 towns in 25 districts with water coverage of about 69%. Limited funding has been highlighted as the major obstacle to improving service delivery.The situation in some of these small towns has been worsened by effects of climate change like prolonged droughts, leading to decrease in ground water levels and lower yields in the production wells. The proposed intervention will address SDG 5, 6, 13 and 15 with activities geared towards gender equality and empowerment; availability of sustainable water and sanitation; combating climate change and restoration of the ecosystems.1.2.2Uganda's Ministry of Health (MOH) shows that 75% of the country's disease burden is preventable through improved hygiene and sanitation, vaccination, and good nutrition. Strategic interventions through water and sanitation programs are therefore necessary to ensure a heathy labour force which is key for poverty alleviation in the country.1.2.3The Bank has accumulated a wealth of experience in the water sector in the East African region and Africa as a whole. Its experience in Uganda's water sector date back to 1968. The Bank is among the largest DPs involved in the sector and the proposed WSSP II is a follow up of the ongoing WSSP I with similar activities, giving the Bank comparative advantage and rationale for continued involvement in the Sector. The new support will further strengthen and consolidate gains achieved from similar previous and on-going support in the sector. The additional investment by the Bank Group comes timely when the country needs to implement the sector strategies agreed upon in the 2014 joint sector review (2014 SPR -5.11& 6,2).