Implementing Agency: GOVERNMENT OF ZIMBABWE MINISTRY OF FINANCE & ECON DEVELOPMENT
Location: Towns in Zimbabawe including Harare
The goal for the water supply and sanitation sector in Zimbabwe is to improve the health and social well being of the population, and to enhance the performance of the national economy, through equitable provision of adequate water supply and sanitation services. The project objective is to provide urgent support for restoration and stabilization of water supply and sanitation services in the Municipalities of Harare, Mutare, Chegutu, Masvingo and Kwekwe, and improve their sustainability.
The proposed project will comprise the following components: i)WSS Infrastructure Rehabilitation - This work will entail rehabilitation of the most urgent works of the existing systems in the project's five urban areas. The work to include rehabilitation/refurbishment of the pump stations, urgent repairs to treatment works including flow control, chemical dosing and pumping equipment, rehabilitation of distribution system and support for these institutions. As a result of the interventions the water production will increase by 141,000 m3 per day. For sanitation, rehabilitating the outfall sewers, booster stations, treatment works to at least obtain partial treatment and improving the effluent and sludge disposal facilities, and capacity will increase by 90,000m3. Also included under the component is the provision of O&M supplies, plant, equipment and tools;ii)Promotion for improved Sanitation and Hygiene Education - The component involves mobilizing the beneficiaries (particularly the people living in high density areas) and conducting public campaigns on; the importance of maintaining proper sanitation in their neighbourhood, observing proper personal hygiene, reducing wanton and deliberate destruction of the infrastructure, and vandalism. This work will be conducted by NGOs.iii)Institutional Support - To improve the sustainability of these services through improved O&M and cost recovery, the staff involved in O &M of the facilities will be trained and provided with plant and equipment to carry out their work. This staff will be trained both on the job and also through tailor made short courses. Suitable billing and accounting systems will be procured and installed in order to facilitate financial and commercial management as well as cost recovery.The concerned staff will then be trained on these new systems.iv)Project Services - An Engineering consultancy firm will be recruited , to prepare the details of the scope of works anddesign, and to supervision of the works during project implementation. The consultant will also prepare feasibility studies for water supply and sanitation rehabilitation and expansion in some towns to be considered for financing with additional funds from the Zim-Fund. The engineering consultant will be working in close consultation with the Procurement Agency adn the Project Implementation Entity who will be recruited on a competitive basis.
The project will impact the nearly 3.15 million people residing in the five urban areas covered (Harare, Mutare, Chegutu, Masvingo and Kwekwe).In particular those residing in high density suburbs, the ones who are the most vulnerable to any failures of WSS services, will be benefit the most. The need to seek alternative water sources and sanitation when the central systems fail will be greatly reduced. Such alternative sources are often time demanding, and are fertile grounds for disease transmission including epidemic outbreaks. Yet these are the people who usually cannot afford private health services, and have to depend on the almost non functioning public health services for routine and emergency care. Some of the children residing in these communities are exposed daily to unsanitary conditions when raw sewage overflow in the streets due to blocked or undersized sewers. The project will address some of these problems and mitigate their impacts including reduction of incidence and fatalities from water and sanitation related diseases.This will in turn reduce the pressure on the ailing health sector. Both men and women will participate equally in the social mobilization and awareness campaigns to promote hygiene and sanitation, encourage behavior change and promote better living conditions. Increased and reliable water supply will enable those industries which are dependent on adequate water supply to reopen or operate at higher production capacities. This will in turn help to alleviate the high unemployment rate prevalent in the country, currently estimated at 80 to 95% in all urban areas. Besides promoting improved health, reduction of pollution in rivers will also reduce the cost of water treatment.
As indicated above, the damage done to the WSS infrastructure in Zimbabwe during the last ten years when O&M was highly inadequate or not carried out at all, has been extensive. A lot of investment is required to bring these services back to normal, and much more to meet the current demand, as there has been very little investment during that interim period. The proposed UWSSRP project will address some of the still remaining urgent rehabilitation works particularly in those areas where; very little rehabilitation work has been done so far, the water supply situation remains precarious and critical; the proposed investment will have a large impact, and will encourage and promote cost recovery. It falls within the established strategy of addressing the most urgent works in order to restore the services before any expansion works can be considered. It also corresponds to the GOZ's priorities which recognize the vitality of functioning infrastructure in resuscitating and revitalizing the economy and avoidance of any cholera outbreak. The project definition is based on the work done on the ground so far, including the rapid assessments (mainly by both GTZ and UNICEF), and revised and updated with information provided by the Municipalities themselves.