P-ZW-E00-004

Project Details
ID: P-ZW-E00-004 Name: SUPPLEMENTARY FINANCING TO URGENT WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION REHABILITATION PROJECT Status: Completed Country: Zimbabwe
Sector: Water Sup/Sanit Approval date: 17-Jul-2013 Task Manager: DEMISSIE Eskendir Alemseged, RDGS4
Total cost: 9247106.04
Currency: UAC
Source(s) of financing
Cofinanced: 9247038.24
Implementing Agency: GOVERNMENT OF ZIMBABWE MINISTRY OF FINANCE & ECON DEVELOPMENT Location: six towns in Zimbabwe including Harare

Description

The proposed project will comprise the following components: i)WSS Infrastructure Rehabilitation - This work will entail rehabilitation of the most urgent works of the existing systems in the project's five urban areas. The work to include rehabilitation/refurbishment of the pump stations, urgent repairs to treatment works including flow control, chemical dosing and pumping equipment, rehabilitation of distribution system and support for these institutions. As a result of the interventions the water production will increase by 141,000 m3 per day. For sanitation, rehabilitating the outfall sewers, booster stations, treatment works to at least obtain partial treatment and improving the effluent and sludge disposal facilities, and capacity will increase by 90,000m3. Also included under the component is the provision of O&M supplies, plant, equipment and tools;ii)Promotion for improved Sanitation and Hygiene Education - The component involves mobilizing the beneficiaries (particularly the people living in high density areas) and conducting public campaigns on; the importance of maintaining proper sanitation in their neighbourhood, observing proper personal hygiene, reducing wanton and deliberate destruction of the infrastructure, and vandalism. This work will be conducted by NGOs.iii)Institutional Support - To improve the sustainability of these services through improved O&M and cost recovery, the staff involved in O &M of the facilities will be trained and provided with plant and equipment to carry out their work. This staff will be trained both on the job and also through tailor made short courses. Suitable billing and accounting systems will be procured and installed in order to facilitate financial and commercial management as well as cost recovery.The concerned staff will then be trained on these new systems.iv)Project Services - An Engineering consultancy firm will be recruited , to prepare the details of the scope of works anddesign, and to supervision of the works during project implementation. The consultant will also prepare feasibility studies for water supply and sanitation rehabilitation and expansion in some towns to be considered for financing with additional funds from the Zim-Fund. The engineering consultant will be working in close consultation with the Procurement Agency adn the Project Implementation Entity who will be recruited on a competitive basis.

Benefits

The project will impact the nearly 3.15 million people residing in the five urban areas covered (Harare, Mutare, Chegutu, Masvingo and Kwekwe).In particular those residing in high density suburbs, the ones who are the most vulnerable to any failures of WSS services, will be benefit the most. The need to seek alternative water sources and sanitation when the central systems fail will be greatly reduced. Such alternative sources are often time demanding, and are fertile grounds for disease transmission including epidemic outbreaks. Yet these are the people who usually cannot afford private health services, and have to depend on the almost non functioning public health services for routine and emergency care. Some of the children residing in these communities are exposed daily to unsanitary conditions when raw sewage overflow in the streets due to blocked or undersized sewers. The project will address some of these problems and mitigate their impacts including reduction of incidence and fatalities from water and sanitation related diseases.This will in turn reduce the pressure on the ailing health sector. Both men and women will participate equally in the social mobilization and awareness campaigns to promote hygiene and sanitation, encourage behavior change and promote better living conditions. Increased and reliable water supply will enable those industries which are dependent on adequate water supply to reopen or operate at higher production capacities. This will in turn help to alleviate the high unemployment rate prevalent in the country, currently estimated at 80 to 95% in all urban areas. Besides promoting improved health, reduction of pollution in rivers will also reduce the cost of water treatment.

Rational

1.1It is to be recalled that on 7 April 2011, the Board approved, on a lapse-of-time basis, financing of the UWSSRP targeting six municipalities (Harare, Chitungwiza, Chegutu, Masvingo, Kwekwe, and Mutare) for the stabilisation and improvement of water and sanitation services. The envisaged outcomes of the intervention include: increased reliability, quality and availability of water supply in the Project areas; restored wastewater treatment capacity; and reduced incidence of cholera and other water related diseases. The original estimated cost of the Project was US$ 29.561 million. The Project Protocol of Agreement is dated 10 June 2011, and the Project was launched on 15 December 2011 after the recruitment of the Implementing Entity and Procurement Agent was finalized in November 2011, followed by technical assessments, preparation of tender documents, and commencement of the tendering process. By 31 December 2012, the tendering of the major components of the Project had been completed. The tendering resulted in high bid prices beyond the budgetary provisions of the Project. Due to the importance of implementing the full scope of the Project for achieving the Project objectives, this report is requesting supplementary financing in the amount of US$ 13.956 million to enable the full implementation of the Project as originally envisaged.