Fisheries sector support project
- Reference: P-AO-AAF-002
- Approval date: 15/05/2013
- Start date: 29/10/2014
- Appraisal Date: 10/01/2012
- Status: OngoingOnGo
- Implementing Agency: MINISTERE DES PECHES
- Location: Countrywide
The proposed project aims to implement lessons learnt and experiences drawn from the on-going artisanala fisheries development project to cover a wider geographical zone.
The project will result in an increase of income from artisanal fishery and fishery related activities, like fishing, processing, marketing, servicing, and trade. Food safety of fish will be increased through proper handling of the product, and Post Harvest Losses of value will be reduced by at least 30%. Through the Artisanal Fishery Vessel Monitoring System loss of life at sea will be prevented, and fishery and other marine regulations will be enforced. The project is structured into Three main components to achieve this: (1) Fishery Infrastructure, (2) Fishery Monitoring, Control and Management, and (3) Project Management
Component 1: Fishery infrastructure Through improving artisanal fisheries infrastructure, conditions will be created to enable an appreciable increase of the value of the fish landed from this sub-sector, through a reduction of post-harvest losses and better access to the market, at selected fishing communities which will function as hubs for all artisanal fishing activities in the country.
Construction of artisanal fish landing sites/centres (Centros de Pesca Artisanal-CPA) The Fisheries Development and Management Strategy of the GoA requires that the number of CPA's is increased, covering a larger part of the Angolan coast, resulting in greater access for fishers to them. To fulfil this condition the project will construct 4 CPA's which will provide all services necessary (i.e. including a jetty, slipway, boatyard, workshop for engine maintenance and fish processing/preserving facilities, as well as food and input supply facilities, health services, etc.)
Addition of fuel pump at AFDEP landing sites. At the landing sites of the first Artisanal Fisheries Development Project fuel pumps will be installed to increase the attractiveness of these sites. Apart from that, managament of the infrastructures will be established and/or improved.
In order to maximize the sustainability of the equipment and infrastructure, the project will pay special attention to ensuring the conditions for the management of the CPAs as well as for the regular and durable maintenance of the buildings and the equipment of the CPAs and of the economic agents working in them. The project will support the development of the capacity of beneficiaries to preserve the quality and increase the value of the fish landed, as well as of complementary income-generating activities that will contribute to the development of an integrated economic environment boosting the economic contribution of fisheries. The project as a whole will give special attention to the development of the capacity of women for improved generation of revenue.
Component 2: Fisheries Monitoring, Control and Management The project will support the installation of a VHF-based Monitoring Control, and Surveillance (MCS) system. With such a system positions of artisanal fishing vessels is know. Vessels can be warned for bad weather, can send distress signals, and can report encroachment of closed fishing areas.
Sustainable exploitation Unmanaged fisheries always tend to grow until they become unsustainable and unprofitable. The GoA has set up a fisheries management system, to which the project will contribute through a range of activities, including the following: (a) regular collection of landings and effort information from the artisanal fleet landing at each CPA (and in nearby areas, if necessary) following the directions of the relevant agencies, like IPA (National Institute for Development of Artisanal Fisheries) and/or INIP (National Fisheries Research Institute), and regular transmission of the information to responsible agencies; (b) contribute to the monitoring of the activity of the fleet, through the use of the information provided by the fleet monitoring and vessel communication system to monitor the position of vessels. The information provided by this system will be analysed and processed at INIP and at the Fisheries Inspection Operations Centre; (c) promote the education of fishers on the requirements for sustainable fishing, through adequate extension activities; (d) establish local systems for controlling the growth of fishing capacity, in a co-management arrangement, after these are introduced into the general Angolan fisheries legislation.
Fleet Monitoring, Control and Surveillance Conflicts with industrial vessels fishing in areas reserved for artisanal fisheries and fishing at sensitive locations (like spawning or nursery areas) or with excessive pressure are a major source of concern for the Angolan fisheries management system, and addressing these issues requires a close monitoring of the activities of all fishing vessels. With the VHF based Vessel Monitoring system the project will address this issue. This system, that reports the position of fishing vessels and also allows sending and receiving of messages, will strongly reinforce the Fisheries Monitoring, Control and Surveillance (MCS) system of Angola, allowing fisheries inspectors to monitor the movement of small-scale vessels, but also giving small-scale fishers a tool to report the sighting of industrial vessels fishing illegally in the area reserved for artisanal fishing.
Fish quality control and inspection The assurance of fish quality is an essential element of the policy of the GoA for the development of the fisheries sector, but currently artisanal and small-scale fisheries are not regularly included in the fish quality control and inspection system of the MADRP. The project will contribute to addressing the GoA goals by providing the CPAs with the facilities for housing a fish quality control inspector. These inspectors will be part of the national fish quality system, and will take the tasks of controlling the quality of the traded fish, provide training on fish quality preservation procedures, and issue sanitary certificates necessary for trade and transport of fish by larger fish buyers. This will avoid the need for fish buyers at the CPA to travel to the larger centres for such a sanitary certificate. This organisation will be coordinated with the national system for fish auctions, effectively reinforcing the connection of CPAs to the national system.
To reinforce the integration of the project into the overall GoA policy, the project will work with MoF and other government institutions to support adjustments to the existing legislative body strengthening the approach of the project, including two main aspects,
(i) limitation of entry into artisanal fisheries and community participation in fisheries management, including the possibility of establishing a network of community-reserved areas, where only the fishers registered at the CPAs are allowed to fish, in a Territorial User Rights for Fisheries (TURF) arrangement, and
(ii) explicit inclusion of the CPAs in the national regulated infrastructure for landing and trade of fish in Angola, as regulated landing and sales sites within the system of sanitary quality control system. This improved legislation and control of fish quality will make trading of low-quality fish less profitable, thus increasing the incentives for landing and trading fish at sites that ensure the best conditions for maintenance of fish quality, reducing the quality post harvest losses encountered currently.
Component 3: Project Management This component will provide for the continuation of a Project Management by the MoF using some of its staff dedicated to the project. these dedicated staff will be responsible for day-to-day management of the project, including the technical supervision and financial management.
To increase fishing communities income through investments in fishery infrastructure and their management (including marine resources management and safety at sea)
The proposed project is important for Angola as it encourages the private sector to reduce Post-Harvest Losses and improve the quality of the fishery product, thus increasing the contribution of the fishery sector to the GDP, and the project contributes to ensuring the sustainable use of marine fishery resources. Fisher communities will benefit from the project, as their income will increase, the quality of the landed product will increase, increasing its nutritional value, and living conditions in general will improve. The Government of Angola sees the project as being instrumental in the prevention of coastal rural people migrating to the Luanda and other big cities. The Government is facing ever-growing pressure to diversify and re-structure its economy away from the oil industry, through private sector expansion.
To this end, the Country Strategy Paper articulates the Bank's engagement across two pillars: -Stimulus to the competitiveness of the Economy -Support to Economic Infrastructure Development
Through the supply of fishery infrastructures at selected sites, the Government of Angola intends to create an enabling environment for the fishery sector to develop and to stimulate community development through the need to work together in the management of the fishery site and allocated marine fishery resources. With this development, production and processing will concentrate at selected landing sites, and thus making it interesting for the private sector to engage and expand activities at those sites.
The project is aligned with the Bank's Agriculture Sector Strategy and Mid Term Strategy through the provision of fisheries infrastructure and Monitoring Control and Surveillance infrastructure. The project aims to increase fishing communities' income through investments in fishery infrastructure and their management (including marine resources management and safety at sea). The project will strengthen capacity of government institutions to promote sustainable management of marine fishery resources. This will promote the sustainable use of marine renewable resources, encourage private sector developments, as well as strengthen governance and participatory processes in natural resource management.
The Bank should intervene, as the first phase of the project, which was supported by the Bank, was successful and achieved all its desired outcomes. Building on this experience and using the lessons learnt, the Bank is in a unique position to contribute to making the second phase of the project a success. Building on the success and experience of this project the existing PIU will be in the best position to implement the proposed project. Significant investments have been done, and the proposed project will build on those investments making sure that synergies will evolve. Lastly, the Government of Angola asked specifically the Bank to support this project, knowing that the previous project was concluded successfully.
- The project will benefit about 200,000 small-scale fishers and their families along 16 coastal communities; - Fish processing and marketing in quantity will also improve from reduced post harvest losses; - It is also intended to raise the quality standard of fish products that will be supplied to domestic market. - the project will also improve the rural infrastructure in the project area including rural elecrification, improved feeder roads, schools, clinics among others - loss of lives at sea will be reduced - The capacity of the fishing communities and project staff will be enhanced
MENG-LIHINAG Jean-Marie - RDGS4