Global Environment Facility (GEF) - Enhancing Climate Risk Management and Adaptation In Burundi
- Reference: P-BI-C00-002
- Approval date: 13/12/1901
- Start date: 01/01/2002
- Appraisal Date: 31/10/2010
- Status: OngoingOnGo
- Implementing Agency: MINISTERE DE L'AGRICULTURE ET DE L'ELEVAGE-S.D.R. BURAGANE
- Location: Bassins Versants du Burundi
This project is fully consistent with the LDCF eligibility criteria and priorities in that it: 1)Is implemented in Burundi, one of the LDC parties to the UNFCCC. 2)Aims to increase adaptive capacity, by making available to all stakeholders reliable and timely information on the changing climate . 3)Aims to reduce vulnerability especially of rural communities who, based on accurate climate information can better adapt themselves and agricultural activities. 4)Mainstreams adaptation within the African Development Bank's baseline project and government, bilateral and multilateral actions on agricultural sector development. 5)Addresses a priority, urgent and immediate need as identified in Burundi's NAPA.
D.OUTLINE THE COORDINATION WITH OTHER RELATED INITIATIVES: 17. Burundi receives aid from bilateral and multilateral donors for agricultural sector development (WB, AfDB, IFAD, FAO, UNDP, USAID, French Cooperation, Belgian Technical Cooperation, German Cooperation, etc.), and this project will aim to ensuring mainstreaming of adaptation into this ongoing support. The main donor interventions being implemented concern agricultural development, stockbreeding, fishing, watershed and wetlands management, environmental protection and capacity building. 18. Within the framework of PRASAB of the World Bank the GEF is financing environmental protection activities for sustainable land management through producer organizations and associations. This component is being implemented at the same time as an IDA financing of USD 35 million aimed at supporting production investments and sustainable management of land, a support to disaster victims and grassroots Community organizations, the capacity building and an institutional support to the Ministry for regional planning and the environment and that of Agricultural and livestock with special focus on agricultural research. Through the IFAD Rural Recovery and Development Programme (PRDMR), the activities of regional planning and environmental protection are financed in the provinces of Cititoke, Gitega Kauri and Kayanza with a wetland management component. In addition to these actions, there is the restocking of livestock through a Community solidarity chain. In a new program co-financed by the IFAD, OPEC and the Belgian Survival Fund entitled Transitional Programme of Post-Conflict Reconstruction (PTRPC) ratified by the Government in May 2005, actions of rehabilitation and development of agriculture and conservation of the rural environment in the provinces of rural Bujumbura, Bururi and Ruyigi are envisaged for a 7-year period. 19. As for the European Union, its assistance to Burundi falls within the post-conflict context and aims at supporting economic recovery and poverty reduction. Since the resumption of its cooperation with the country in 2000, European aid has represented a financial volume of ' 285 million, to which '115 million envisaged under the 9th EDF was added. The areas of concentration of its assistance concern, inter alia, rural development which envisages, in addition to the projects of direct support to agricultural production for sustainably food security, technical aid to support State divestiture from the key agricultural sub-sectors. Integrated rural development is also envisaged for the reintegration of refugees and support to private initiatives in all the agricultural sub-sectors proposed. 20. FAO has for some years financed a watershed protection and wetlands conservation project in the provinces of Kirundo, Gitega and Karuzi. This project developed actions and strategies of community management of woodlots by associations which implemented them through labour intensive works. It financed agro-silvo-pastoral integration activities and trained 7,000 rural households in the watershed management upstream and wetlands downstream in three provinces. FAO took part in the development of the national policies on food security, preliminary work on the revision of the forest Code and the land Code and the development of a national agricultural extension system. The UNDP will finance soil degradation control activities and the strengthening of agro-pastoral systems in collaboration with FAO. 21. The Belgian Technical Co-operation has a ' 5 million programme of support to disaster victims for the development and management of 6 wetlands in Ruyigi province. A new watershed and wetlands management project with a special emphasis on forestry and agro-forestry is being developed. As for German co-operation, through GTZ, it intervenes in Rutana province within the framework of a food security project for a total amount of ' 10 million. French assistance is concentrated on supporting the process of emergence from crisis by supporting the peace process, the rule of law, the rehabilitation of infrastructure and the strengthening of the financial services within the framework of the Government's post- conflict and emergency social program. 22. During the proposed LDCF project regular meetings will be held with stakeholders from these related initiatives and co-ordination ensured. Full project's institutional arrangements and opportunities for synergies will be further explored and confirmed during the PPG phase.
The proposed project will be jointly implemented by the African Development Bank and the UNDP. AfDB's comparative advantage in this project lies in its capacity as a regional development bank with a long history of practical ground-level investments in Burundi. AfDB will use this experience to ensure cost-effective implementation of investment activities under this project. As the second adaptation project proposed by the AfDB to the LDCF the Bank will ensure lessons are learnt from the first project to the benefit of the Burundi adaptation project. UNDP's comparative advantage lies in improving capacity building, providing technical and policy support in relevant areas such as sustainable land management and water governance at global and local level. UNDP is also able to draw on its experience of conducting the Burundi NAPA project. The project also draws on UNDP's comparative advantage in supporting climate change adaptation activities across a wide range of sectors, and the technical expertise of UNDP in assessing climate risks to key economic sectors and defining appropriate responses. The project benefits from the strong presence and reputation of UNDP as a trusted and neutral partner for supporting implementation at the country level. The involvement of UNDP country, regional and headquarters offices will ensure consistency with, and support for, the UNDP and national focus on climate-resilient development.
The proposed project will address many of the top priority adaptation interventions identified by Burundi's NAPA. The cost-effectiveness of these priority measures have been thoroughly examined and demonstrated during the NAPA prioritization process. This process included the identification of a large and diverse list of possible adaptation interventions and, using Multi-criteria Analysis (MCA) retained as the cheapest and most effective means to achieve the desired adaptation ou tcomes in Burundi. The MCA included: "Cost: this is primarily the monetary cost. This criterion, which translates a disadvantage, represents the taking into account of the scarcity of Burundi resources. This is actually a constraint impossible to remove given the precariousness of the country's finances. "Effectiveness: it is analysed as an advantage or benefit in its dimensions of improved environmental conditions and contribution to sustainable development. This group imposes the decomposition of the criteria translating the effectiveness into the 2 following sub-groups: "Climate-sensitive criteria: -Sustainable environmental management (mainly land and water resources) -Adaptation impacts -Prevention of climate risks "Government objectives -Poverty impact -Food security -Women empowerment -Economic growth
DIOP Ahmadou Bamba - RDGE4