NATIONAL DRAINAGE TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
- Reference: P-EG-AAC-025
- Approval date: 01/02/2016
- Start date: 31/08/2016
- Appraisal Date: 02/01/2016
- Status: OngoingOnGo
- Implementing Agency: MINISTRY OF WATER RESOURCES & IRRIGATION
- Location: West, East Noth Delta, Upper Egypt
2. Project Description
2.1 Project components
2.1.1 The MIC-TA Fund resources will be used to finance the following specific components to support the overall NDP programme through conducting technical studies strengthening EPAD capacity for operation and maintenance.
Component I: Technical Studies to Strengthen EPADP Capacity for Operation and Maintenance "Pilot studies for in-stream wetlands to improve drainage water quality; "Screening, Reviewing and Monitoring of ESMF. "Preparation of ESMPs and AREPs for the implementation of the ESMF recommendations.
Component II: Training to Strengthen EPADP Capacity for Operation and Maintenance "Training and capacity development of EPADP staff and WUAs on various relevant topics including: oGender mainstreaming for EPADP Staff and WUAs; oMainstreaming subsurface drainage into on-farm integrated water management systems for the WUAs; oTraining and capacity development for ESMF implementation;
Component III: Capacity Development for EPADP for Project Coordination and Management "Recruitment of a Procurement Expert. "Recruitment of a Technical Secretary.
1.2 Programme Objectives 1.2.1 The aims of the NDP is to optimize the benefits of irrigation by draining excess irrigation water from agricultural land in order to reduce water logging and consequent soil salinity, in addition to making more land available for cultivation. This is expected to result in higher crop yields in the target areas, higher farm incomes, and increased food security and poverty reduction in general. 1.2.2 The specific objectives of the MIC-TA Fund are to provide complementary technical assistance to the NDP and capacity development for EPADP by conducting technical studies, training and capacity building to strengthen EPADP. In particular, the MIC-TA Fund will be used for the following:
(i) Technical studies to improve drainage water quality;
(ii) Implementation of the Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF) recommendations;
(iii) Training for EPADP Staff and WUAs on various topics incluing gender mainstreaming; and
(iv) Capacity development for EPADP in terms of procurement and administration.
2.2 Project Outputs
2.2.1 The expected outputs from the MIC-TA Fund include finalized technical studies on the improvement of drainage water, which will inform project implementation and future programmes in the drainage sector. Other outputs include the development and implementation of the ESMP and AREPs where required and monitoring of the programme's environmental aspects. There will also be training of EPADP staff and WUA members on gender mainstreaming and on mainstreaming of drainage systems into integrated water management systems. The recruitment of a procurement expert and technical secretary dedicated to the project will greatly enhance project implementation especially with respect to complying with the Bank's rules and regulations for procurement and thereby reduce the time required to process procurement requests.
2.2.2 The activities of the MIC-TA Fund resources will contribute to the successful implementation of the NDP and thereby concretize the social and farm-level benefits. The expected benefits will be a combined result of the following changes:
(i) an increase in cropping intensity;
(ii) a shift in cropping pattern towards more remunerative crops;
(iii) a significant increase in crop yields;
(iv) an increase in gainful employment; and
(v) a conversion of abandoned, marginal lands into agricultural use. The main outcomes of the project will be improved soil drainage of the farms thereby resulting in increased crop productivity by 15-21% for selected crops.
2.2.3 In other words, subsurface drainage helps to improve farm incomes by creating conducive conditions for crop intensification and diversification, for overcoming crop calendar constraints, for allowing mechanisation of farm operations, for enhancing the impact of fertilisers and other inputs, for lowering production costs, and for mitigating adverse environmental impacts. As a result of the above, the project beneficiaries will have more income to address their economic and social needs including education for their children, provision of health services, procure food items to supplement their dietary needs, attend to social functions such as weddings and funerals, buy clothes and improve their houses. Therefore, the Project is expected to improve economic growth through improved agricultural performance, agricultural productivity and consequently higher crop yields in the target areas, higher farm incomes, improved socioeconomic status of the project population and poverty reduction in general. The primary beneficiaries will be the farming households in the project areas. Given the current land tenure in Egypt where the average farm size is one feddan, this means that the primary/target beneficiaries will be approximately 125 ,000 households or 625,000 people, of which 50% are women. Some indirect project beneficiaries include labourers who will benefit from employment on construction of the drainage system. Increased incomes in the project areas will also result in increased off-farm activities where traders and business people will also benefit indirectly.
ELWAN Mohamed-Yasser Hamdy - RDGN4