DROUGHT RESILIENCE AND SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS PROGRAMME DRLSP-IV ERITREA


Overview

  • Reference: P-ER-AAZ-002
  • Approval date: 24/01/2017
  • Start date: 24/01/2018
  • Appraisal Date: 16/10/2016
  • Status: ApprovedAPVD
  • Implementing Agency: GOVERNMENT OF ERITREA
  • Location: Zoba Maekel, Zoba Gash Barka and Zoba De

Description

11.1 Project design 11.1.1 The Project recognizes the nomadic nature of the inhabitants of the region who cross borders at will in search of water and pasture. Thus any development that is undertaken in one country to improve these facilities and the livelihoods would attract pastoralists from the neighbouring country with a potential for causing conflict. Hence although the activities will be implemented at the country level, DRSLP is being implemented regionally, in an effort to reduce such cross boarded conflict. Nevertheless, in order as RO resources are exhausted, this DRSLP project will be implemented as a National project. 11.1.2 The project will be implemented under 3 components as follows: Component 1: Natural Resource Management with 2 sub-components:

(i) Water resources development that will focus on enhanced water storage, availability and accessibility through water conservation/harvesting and supply for human consumption, agriculture and livestock in a sustainable manner; and

(ii) On Farm Land Levelling for 134 hectares of new land brought under irrigation. Component 2: Support to Livelihood Diversification with three sub-components

(i): Provision of Improved Livelihood Alternatives

(ii): Development of Forage Seed Production:

(iii) Development of Milk and Poultry Production; and

(iv) Sustainable crop production improvement and diversification through adapted cropping practices. Component 3: Project Management and capacity building. Necessary support and follow up system will be provided to ensure the smooth implementation and monitoring of the project. Capacities of the main stakeholders will be strengthened. 11.2 Implementation Arrangements The overall coordination of the project and the implementation of the activities will be carried out through the exiting PCU for DRSLP-II based at the Ministry of Agriculture, which will assume responsibility for the day to day execution of the project activities. 11.3 Procurement and Financial Management Arrangements The Bank's Procurement rules and procedures will apply for Eritrea. Meanwhile, capacity of the executing agency that is responsible for the Bank's procurement and financial management procedures will be enhanced where possible. 11.4 Expected/designed cross-cutting focus/benefits In the medium and long-term, the project interventions will support activities to rebuild existing livelihoods through investment in integrated land management andmanagement and also investment in agricultural and water infrastructure . Gender will be mainstreamed in all the components of the project including the promotion of water infrastructure with gender sensitive feature and inclusion of women in the natural resources management structures. The project will support women groups and youth for income generating activities focusing on their access to trade and market through capacity building activities, access to property of the developed land and other resources, providing agro processing storage and technologies for commercialization of agriculture, fisheries and livestock products. The DRSLP program as a whole and DRSLP-II in particular is classified as category 2 according to the Bank's Environmental and Social Assessment Procedures (ESAP) and requires a Strategic Environmental and Social Assessment (SESA). The negative impacts of the program will be limited and will be managed by tools that will be proposed through the Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF) resulting from the SESA.

11.5 Necessary steps to obtain baseline data

The project is part of the African Development Bank (AfDB) relief package of US $549 million (including US300 Million already committed in 2011) in support of 14 countries most affected by the ongoing drought in Eastern and Southern Africa to mitigate the severe impact of the El Ni


Rationale

9.1 PRSP and CSP Priorities- Key Development Issues the Project is aiming to address The project is consistent with the principles of key sub-regional and national initiatives, policies and programs, adopted by the governments of the participating countries over the last few years, namely

(i) The "IGAD Drought Disaster Resilience and Sustainability Initiative (IDDRSSI)" Regional Programing Paper (2013);

(ii) the Country's Programming Papers (CPP) "To End Drought emergencies in The Horn of Africa" (2012);

(iii) Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Program (CAADP);

(iv) The IGAD 'Minimum Integration Plan which focuses on joint use and management of water resources for food security;

(v) the Livestock Policy Initiative (IGAD-LPI), (and

(v) the National Development Strategies of the Government of State of Eritrea. The project also takes cognizance of the Bank Group policies and strategies (see 3.4).


Benefits

Expected/designed cross-cutting focus/benefits In the medium and long-term, the project interventions will support activities to rebuild existing livelihoods through investment in integrated land management andmanagement and also investment in agricultural and water infrastructure . Gender will be mainstreamed in all the components of the project including the promotion of water infrastructure with gender sensitive feature and inclusion of women in the natural resources management structures. The project will support women groups and youth for income generating activities focusing on their access to trade and market through capacity building activities, access to property of the developed land and other resources, providing agro processing storage and technologies for commercialization of agriculture, fisheries and livestock products. The DRSLP program as a whole and DRSLP-II in particular is classified as category 2 according to the Bank's Environmental and Social Assessment Procedures (ESAP) and requires a Strategic Environmental and Social Assessment (SESA). The negative impacts of the program will be limited and will be managed by tools that will be proposed through the Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF) resulting from the SESA.


Key contacts

UMAR Lawal Mohammed - RDGE2


Costs

Finance source Amount
Co-financierUAC 5,310,000
TotalUAC 5,310,000