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Project Description This project consists of 4 components namely:
1. Improved agriculture infrastructure development This consists of 3 main sub-components:
1.1 Land Management: The aim of this sub-component is to improve land management on an estimated 5, 000 hectares to support the efficient production of staple food crops namely rice, groundnut and other major cereals. The activities will include the development of 1,600 ha lowland comprising 200 ha of intensive rice irrigation schemes, provision of access infrastructure for 500 ha of difficult but fertile tidal flood plains, and construction of water retention facilities to support the development of 900 ha of arable lands; management of 3,000 ha of existing developed tidal areas to ensure double cropping for enhanced productivity. In addition, the sub component will support soil and water conservation practices on an estimated 400 hectares of upland complimented with development of agro-forestry and community watershed/land use plans. The component will support the development of comprehensive framework policy document for the sustainable management of Gambia agricultural water
1.2. Promotion of improved horticultural practices - This sub component is to induce the practice of year-round horticultural production through improved on-farm water management and husbandry practices. Activities will include the establishment/improvement of 215 ha for high value horticultural crops (tomatoes, onions, green peppers, cabbages etc.) with 155 ha for community gardens targeted at 1,500 women and 600 young farmers and 60 ha for school gardens. The productivity increases anticipated will be through on-farm water management techniques and improved agronomic practices.
1.3. Expanding market access through improved infrastructure: The subcomponent is designed to improve/rehabilitate farm to market access by upgrading of 300 km of the existing feeder roads and market infrastructure in 20 municipal markets in the project area.
2. Agricultural diversification and commercialization: This component comprises 3 sub-components:
2.1 Support to Aquaculture, Small ruminants and poultry - the sub- component is aimed at building capacity and supporting aquaculture, small ruminant and poultry farmers for enhanced production and productivity. The aquaculture activities include the construction, the provision of initial inputs, and management of 200 community demonstration ponds. The small ruminant activities include the establishment of 25 improved (breeding and fattening) schemes. Under poultry, support will be provided for 20 community schemes (1,000 each of layers and broilers) and 20 schools with 200 layers. In both cases exotic breeds will be used. Support provided by the project will also include housing, water supply and initial provision of inputs for the first cycle of production. In addition, traditional/village poultry farming will be supported in 60 villages to include the construction of traditional houses and the provision of production equipment.
2.2 Promotion of Agro Enterprises: Activities under the sub-component include capacity development of 120 FBOs, the provision of agro-processing packages comprising start-up kits and small scale infrastructure. The project will facilitate the process that will link beneficiaries with MFIs to access equipment/machinery through micro-leasing. To make it affordable to beneficiaries, the project will provide seed money to the MFIs for onward lending at agreed interest rates. The project will also adopt the concept of matching grants to support the entirety of players along the value chain to acquire productive assets.
2.3 Linking Producers to Markets: The sub-component aims at enhanced access of key players in the value chain to markets. Activities include linking value chain actors through the establishment of platforms for value chain actors, organizing business fora between micro enterprises and agribusinesses and conducting regional promotional activities (trade fairs, field and market days). In addition the Planning Services of MoA will be supported to strengthen the (market information systems) collect, analyze and disseminate accurate market information through the national media, rural community radios and other media sources for beneficiaries including the use of mobile phones.
3. Improved approaches to national food and nutrition security This comprises 2 sub-components
3.1 Addressing malnutrition: About 15.5% and 20.2% of the households in LRR and WCR respectively are food insecure and vulnerable. Similarly 29% and 19.9 % of children under-fives in LRR and WCR respectively are stunted. This subcomponent aims to contribute to these challenges by supporting the ongoing WFP supported Food for Education Program in LRR and WCR by targeting 33,500 pre and primary school children in 101 schools. It will undertake local procurement of 680 Mt of cereals which will be utilized in school feeding; improve school based nutrition education for 101 schools, procure ready to use therapeutic feeds and the promotion of use of improved good food preparation practices in 65% of households in the targeted areas through community based nutrition education. The interventions in horticulture, livestock, aquaculture and food crops will also complement availability of nutritious food for households.
3.2. Building Household Resilience: Communities in the project area are at high risk and vulnerable to sporadic shocks such as droughts and flood and can easily fall below the poverty under prolonged food insecurity during extended lean periods. The subcomponent aims at building community and household resilience to shocks. Key activities to be undertaken include the rehabilitation of five existing cereal banks, construction of ten new cereal banks and the replenishment of emergency cereal stocks in the three project targeted regions. It will also support the formulation of a National Social Protection Policy and strategic Plan of Action.
4 Project Management and Capacity building: this comprises 2 sub- components:
4.1. Capacity building for CPCU: This includes capacity building of CPCU (through intensive project management training), responsible for overall coordination and monitoring of all donor funded projects in MOA. The project will support the operations of the CPCU through equipping them and providing appropriate training on the job after careful examination of skill gap analyses
4.2. Project Support Unit: The PSU will be responsible for the day to day management of the project, including financial management, procurement, reporting and the conduct of special studies. The PSU will be led by the Project Director supported by Civil/Water Management Engineer, An Agronomist/Horticulturist, Livestock Specialist, Procurement Officer, Financial Management Specialist, A Social Mobilization Gender Expert, Monitoring Evaluation Officer and support staff. As much as possible the GoTG will identify within the pool of its civil servants competent staff to fill these positions. Where suitable candidates cannot be identified, such positions would be advertised and a competitive selection process will be followed to identify the rightful candidates which would be funded by the Project.
The specific objective of the Project is to reduce rural household poverty, through efficient use of arable land and water resources for agricultural production and productivity.
The project aims to contribute to the Government's stated goal of accelerated growth, employment creation and poverty reduction. In this regard, it will scale up support to reduce poverty and unemployment; improve rural livelihoods and food and nutrition security by increasing agricultural production and productivity, linking farmers to markets, reducing risk and vulnerability, and providing technical assistance. The FASDEP complements ongoing efforts through other mechanisms to scale up support to agriculture and food security. The FASDEP will build upon existing initiatives in The Gambia particularly, the GNAIP developed within the framework of the New Partnership for African Development's (NEPAD) Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Program (CAADP) and implementation of its post Compact programming.
The Project is fully aligned with existing investment frameworks including the Gambia's Vision 2020 which sets out the long-term development blue print relating to agriculture, industry, trade, tourism, financial services and human resources development; The PAGE (2012-2015), which aims to accelerate economic growth, employment and poverty reduction; the GNAIP aimed at increasing the agriculture and natural resources contribution to the national economy by increasing production and productivity; and the ANR (2009-2015) which lays the ground for agricultural transformation to a commercialized modern sector effectively contributing to food security and poverty reduction.
The project is of high economic importance to the Government of The Gambia. Firstly, it will enhance rice, horticulture, upland crop, livestock and aquaculture production and will thus contribute to improved food security. Secondly, the project will help to address the link to markets, enhance capacity in production and productivity for farmers and service providers and improve the nutrition status particularly of the vulnerable groups. The investment will therefore enhance food and nutrition security, increase income for beneficiaries and contribute effectively to poverty reduction. It will also reduce rice imports valued at more than USD40 million per annum.
Furthermore, the Project will complement the Bank's Group successful engagement particularly in the agricultural sector which accounted for 22 % of the net commitments from the Bank. This intervention will help in enhancing capacity of the sector particularly through the technical support to project implementation teams and the Ministry and farmers. Moreover, the project is in line with the Bank's Medium Term Strategy (MTS), which is hinged on supporting agricultural infrastructure to enhance the sector's development and productivity; and food security
KARIKARI Tabi - RDGW2