Massingir DAM Emergency Rehabilitation Project Supplementary LOAN
- Reference: P-MZ-AAC-005
- Approval date: 22/05/2013
- Start date: 26/02/2014
- Appraisal Date: 14/12/2012
- Status: OngoingOnGo
- Implementing Agency: MASSINGIR DAM AND SMALLHOLDER ARICULTU RAL REHABILITATION PROJECT
- Location: Gaza Province
The Project will be implemented under 2 components namely:
(i) Rehabilitation of the Massingir Dam Bottom Outlets; and
(ii) Project Management (including Consultancy Services for the Supervision of Engineering Works), under ARASUL. The Project will be implemented over a four year period (May 2013 - December 2017).
The original ADF loan will cover about 31% of the total project cost, net of taxes and custom duties, that is, UA 13.30 million, representing about 32% of the foreign exchange and 28% of the local cost. The Government will not contribute to the cost of the remaining activities beyond the initial financial plan. The remaining project activities will also be financed by a Supplementary ADF Loan for the amounts of UA 22.01 million. The Government has already committed to secure the required counterpart contribution from previous loan. Therefore, an amount of UA 22.01 million is required as additional ADF Loan, representing 51 % of the total project cost, to provide the supplementary financing for the rehabilitation of the Massinger dam bottom outlet.
The beneficiaries of the Project will be about 16,000 smallholder farmers located downstream in Xai-Xai and Chokwe Districts (Gaza Province), and people living in Massingir village for water supply; 550 fisher-men and women operating in the dam; and Procana Sugar Irrigation scheme which is a private sector initiative dependent on the efficient operation of the Dam.
The Project objectives are to:
(i) ensure sustainability of the Massingir Dam by preventing its total collapse in the event of heavy downpour; and
(ii) improve food production and the living standards of the target group through sustainable improvement of the operational efficiency of the Dam. This would facilitate the productive capacity of farmers both small and medium scale to produce major crops downstream in Chokwe and Xai-Xai Districts (Gaza Province).
The current CSP was approved by the Board in April 2006 and its implementation period spans through to 2009. The major pillars identified for the Bank support are:
(i) Governance (including institutional capacity building); and
(ii) infrastructure development to increase access to basic economic and social services. The proposed Project is anchored on the second pillar. The Project aims to contribute to Government stated goal of accelerated GDP growth and poverty reduction and sustainable livelihoods through efficient use of the water resources. The Project will lead to development of the necessary civil and mechanical infrastructures that would assist in the maximization of the full benefits of the Massingir Dam.
The Project is also in line with one of the key pillars of PARPA II (which the Government of Mozambique's version of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper). PARPA II aims to reduce absolute poverty and will be implemented over the period of 2006-2009 (PARPA II). This was approved by the Council of Ministers. The PARPA II has three main pillars namely governance, human capital, and economic development. The overall objective of the PARPA is the improvement of the standard of living and welfare of Mozambique's citizens. The long-term objectives also include the following:
(i) a balanced economic and social development;
(ii) reduction of absolute poverty;
(iii) consolidation of the peace, national unity, and democracy;
(iv) widespread application of the rules of justice;
(v) improvements in education and health;
(vi) encouragement of work, honesty, zeal, and enthusiasm; (vii) the guarantee of individual freedoms and social harmony; (viii) the imposition of laws against criminal acts; the guarantee of sovereignty, and (ix) the guarantee of sovereignty and the strengthening of international cooperation. The Project is of high economic importance to the Government of Mozambique. Firstly, it brings into the table the opportunity of fully rehabilitating the Massingir Dam by holistically reviewing the entire infrastructure especially those that predate the colonial era (which are now in bad state of disrepair). Secondly, the Project will help to address the potential environmental and ecological problems that could arise as result of the damages already existing on the Dam. Finally the need to ensure the safety of the dam all the year round is of critical concern to the Government in order to withstand the likely effects of floods Therefore none investment in this Dam portends great economic loss.
The Bank had been actively involved in the Massingir Dam Project since 1993 and had assisted GoM with the MDSAR Project that was completed since 2008 with some notable benefits including increased crop production and potable water supply; however, these benefits have been disrupted, especially at Chokwe Irrigation Scheme, as a result of the failure of the bottom outlets. Secondly, it is not possible to carry out the flood management functions of the dam in its current state, thereby putting the dam under a lot of stress. This is particularly very important as very recently, Mozambique had witnessed considerable climate change with the resultant increases in floods and their frequencies.
Moreover, with assistance from the Bank an Auxiliary spillway is currently under construction. It would work in conjunction with the bottom outlets to enhance the flood handling capabilities of the dam. Therefore, there is a need for the Supplementary Loan to: (a) meet the shortfall in funding the MDERP so as to ensure all year round stability and integrity of the dam (safety of the dam); (b) withstand and control the likely effects of floods; (c) meet the water requirements of the downstream users; (d) make best use of the investments already made; and (e) reduce the vulnerability of the downstream riparian users. The importance of ensuring successful rehabilitation and completion of the Massingir Dam to assist in reducing the flood peak was demonstrated during the January 2013 flood period. Inflows were registered in excess of 7,000 m3/s while the dam could only release around 4,200 m3/s. The complex interaction of flow in the Limpopo and the Elephants rivers influences the overall behaviour and pattern of the flood downstream in Chokwe and Xai-Xai Districts. So the important role of Massingir Dam in the mitigation of social and economic negative impacts of the floods in the Limpopo River Basin cannot be disregarded.
Gradual increase in the operational efficiency of the dam from 1,600 Mm
SILUNGWE Yappy Gregory - RDGS4