FREETOWN WATER SUPPLY & SAN. PROJECT
- Reference: P-SL-E00-004
- Appraisal Date: 30/11/2017
- Board Presentation: 28/03/2018
- Status: LendingLEND
- Implementing Agency: GUMA VALLEY WATER CO LTD
- Location: Freetown and Western Area-Urban
The pproject will include the following components:
Component 1 - Infrastructure:
(i) Rehabilitation and expansion of water production capacity and distributin network.
(ii) Construction of fecal sludge management facilities; and
(iii) Service connections for the urban poor.
Component 2 - Institutional Development: The component will include functional analysis and re-organisation of Guma Valley Water Company, as well as the design of utility performance improvement tools. Technical assistance and equipment will also be provided to enable Guma Valley water Company to improve its services
Compnent 3 - Project Management: This component will provide for the incremental utility operational costs arising from project implementation will be provided for under the project.
2.1.1 The objectives of the project are to:
(i) Provide sustainable access to safe drinking water and sanitation to the residents of Port Harcourt city (Port Harcourt and Obio/Akpor Local Government Areas) in Rivers State, and
(ii) Strengthen the Federal government's capacity to facilitate urban water sector reform and improve performance across the country
According to a Sanitation and Water for All (SWA) assessment (March 2012), even if Sierra Leone meets the MDG target in both rural and urban areas, 48% of the rural population and 39% of the urban population would remain without access to improved sanitation and 37% of the rural population and 19% of the urban population would still be dependent on unimproved sources for their drinking water. Equity in achieving MDG targets is important, not only because they are least able to invest in their own facilities, but also because they have the most to gain due to their heightened vulnerability to adverse health outcomes coupled with impacts of climate change on water resources.
Sierra Leone is not on track of achieving MDG targets, but stands to gain the equivalent of at least 5% of her annual GDP as a result of reaching the MDG targets for water and sanitation. The share would increase at least threefold to 15% of annual GDP if the target is expanded to universal access. However, the gains will come at a sizeable cost, considerably greater than the current Government spending in the sector, which will have to be increased several times in order to meet the MDG target. The annual cost for meeting the urban water supply MDG target were estimated by AMCOW at USD 101 million per year. Similarly for sanitation the estimated annual cost is USD 32 million The current committment for urban water supply and sanitation in less than USD 70 million. The committment is for specific projects outside Freetown excepting the USD 12 million DFID supported intervention covering a range of activities including advocacy, cholera preparedness, household waste management, and limited public standpost service connections. The need to augment water production and to revamp the dilapidated distribution network is not addressed.
The key direct benefits from the project will be: (A) the increase in safe water and improved sanitation coverage in Freetown and Western Area - covering 99% of the population; and (B). Improved capacity of Guma Valley Water Company. The indirect benefits will include, but not necessarily limited to:
(ii) reduction in the prevalence rates of waterborne diseases, especially cholera, dysentery and diarrhea;
(iii) a significant reduction in health costs and time for collecting water which translate into substantial savings for the urban poor;
(iv) the easing of the burden of fetching water which is one of the most arduous tasks for women and young girls;
(v) the development of income-generating activities for women given the free time accruing from the reduced burden of fetching water;
(vi) an increase in the enrolment ratio, especially for girls, and in the female literacy rate; (vii) the reduction in social conflicts related to water use; (viii) the promotion of local governance and decentralization; (ix) the efficient management and maintenance of water supply and sanitation facilities; and (x) human capacity building and the creation of jobs in water management through the involvement of private operators in the construction, management, repair and maintenance of water supply facilities. Details of the benefits will be determined during preparation.
LUBUNGA Rogers - RDGW2