RESILIENCE WATER PROJECT FOR IMPROVED LIVELIHOOD IN JUBA


Overview

  • Reference: P-SS-E00-002
  • Approval date: 14/07/2016
  • Start date: 08/12/2016
  • Appraisal Date: 11/12/2015
  • Status: ApprovedAPVD
  • Implementing Agency: --
  • Location: JUBA TOWN

Description

Project objective

Purpose of the project is to improve water supply infrastructure and to contribute to improved livelihoods of people in Juba city.

Project description

The project will comprise of three components 1.0 Institutional Strengthening and Capacity Development This component will ensure sustainability of the installed infrastructure and will support SSUWC in; strengthening institutional capacity; improving financial sustainability and commercial operations; and addressing technical and environmental sustainability. Specific quantities are outlined in the Results based logical framework (RBLF).

2.0 Water Supply Infrastructure Development This component will address the infrastructure improvement needs on the distribution network, distribution outlets, metering and replacing sections of the old Juba water treatment plant including the consultancy for designs and contract supervision of water works. Specific quantities are outlined in the RBLF.

3.0 Project Management Project Management entails the management costs, logistics and routine project operating expenses, focussing on: project supervision, accounting, monitoring & evaluation (M&E); Implementation of environmental and social management plan (ESMP); project work plans, budget, progress reporting and annual audits

Expected outcome

The project main outcomes are: improved equitable access to sustainable water supply in the project area and improved water system functionality. When completed the project will benefit approximately 230 ,000 resident and transient population of Juba city. The anticipated project impacts are; reduced incidences of water borne diseases in the project area, reduced under five mortality rate and increased primary school enrolment, especially for the girl child. This project will not have sanitation infrastructure, as this will be addressed through a project to be financed by another development partner (DP). It will however address training of technicians for the feacal sludge plants and provide laboratory equipment. The beneficiaries and key stakeholders were fully engaged during the preparation of the Juba Master plan and during the project preparation and appraisal missions. Some of the key stakeholders will benefit from planned training from the project, in system operations in order to enhance social accountability and partnership.


Objectives

Purpose of the project is to improve water supply infrastructure and to contribute to improved livelihoods of people in Juba city.


Rationale

1.2.1 The Bank is committed, under its strategy on fragility, "addressing fragility and building resilience in Africa (2014-2019)", to effectively assist countries in fragile situations, post-crisis and post-conflict transition to transit out of fragility and move forward towards more stable political and economic development. The GRSS carried out a Fragility Assessment in 2012, which identified security and infrastructure as two key areas of focus for the country. The inadequate access to infrastructure was noted as a key driver of fragility, posing a high risk through social and economic marginalization of rural communities, economic inequalities between rural areas and cities which if not quickly and effectively addressed, would lead to future social tensions and people moving to and crowding where basic services are available. The peace settlement and integration of all factions in the war into government for purposes of ensuring peace also introduced individuals with misaligned skills in Ministries and other sectors calling for urgent training and upgrading of skills. The Bank's Strategy on Fragility lists construction and rehabilitation of infrastructure as top priority for fragile and post-conflict states for long-term economic growth and building legitimacy of government. It is important to design infrastructure projects that support peace building and state building. 1.2.2 There are challenges to be encountered in implementing the project in a highly volatile political environment, the impact the internal conflict has had on the social and economic aspects including on the human resource capacity gap, the lack of skilled labour and the high turnover of trained staff, and mitigation measures have been put in place to ensure sustainability.

1.2.3 About 25% of the Juba City population has access to piped water. The existing infrastructure, constructed in 1937, is very old, with a distribution network and sections of the plant that is long overdue for rehabilitation and replacement. The remaining 75% of the inhabitants and transient communities are predominantly served by water tanker vendors. All tanker trucks in the city are competing for one operational tanker filling station. The unsatisfied high demand has led to vendors distributing raw untreated water from the Nile River to the community. Non-Revenue Water (NRW) in Juba also stands at 43% due to leakages on the old dilapidated distribution network and cases of illegal connections. Consumers are not on metered systems and currently paying low flat rates with consequent compromises on financial viability of utilities and sustainability. There is inadequate institutional capacity and limited skilled manpower to operate and maintain the water infrastructure as well as inadequate revenue base owing to inadequate billing system and low collection efficiency. Given its extensive experience in the infrastructure sector in Africa, the Bank is well positioned to play a pivotal role in supporting the socio-economic development of South Sudan.

1.2.4 The recurrent annual cholera outbreaks in Juba are linked to the overcrowding in areas supplied by water tankers. The outbreak of waterborne epidemics peak in the rainy season largely due to contamination of unprotected water sources. The proposed intervention by the Bank will contribute to mitigating these annual outbreaks through improved access to safe drinking water. Investments in improving access to safe drinking water and proper personal & food hygiene would eliminate up to 70% of morbidity and mortality arising from acute water-borne diarrhoea. The proposed project will focus on addressing short to medium term measures to improve efficiency in the water distribution systems, financial sustainability and commercial operations, while the SSUWC will be capacitated to tackle the medium to long term needs.


Benefits

The project is focusing on Juba the capital city of South Sudan. The distribution of tanker filling stations and public stand posts is to target water stressed areas that are prone to epidemics of water borne diseases. The guiding maps provided by the Ministry of Health points to areas designated as temporary settlement camps - Hai Gabat, MTC, Konyo, Kasaba, Lologo, Atlabara, Muniki, Parts of Gudele/Gurei as worst affected by the epidemics and therefore potential areas of intervention. The intervention is to provide at least 4 additional tanker filling stations and 30 PSPs in the selected areas. The project is contributing to meeting the Juba urban water target of 35% by 2020 and will provide additional access to 230,000 people by 2020. The intervention will install at least 1,000 consumer meters and 4 bulk meters to improve the billing and revenue collection efficiency. This in turn will improve accountability and customer confidence in the service. The project will train women entrepreneurs to manage the PSPs. Skilled and unskilled employment will be generated during the construction and the operations of the system.


Key contacts

MBIRO Andrew - RDGE4


Costs

Finance source Amount
Co-financierUAC 4,950,000
TotalUAC 4,950,000