DEVELOP A STRATEGY ON CLIMATE RESILIENCE
- Reference: P-UG-C00-003
- Approval date: 17/03/2016
- Start date: 19/09/2016
- Appraisal Date: 17/02/2016
- Status: ApprovedAPVD
- Implementing Agency: MINISTRY OF WATER, ENERGY & MINERALS
- Location: UGANDA
The main objective of the PPG is to support the formulation of a well-developed SPRC for Uganda that will identify programs and activities to help implement Climate Change Resilience, while minimizing barriers to national efforts to reduce vulnerability and increase resilience
Uganda's Climate Change Context and Challenges: The Ugandan economy and welfare of the people are intricately linked to the natural environment and are therefore highly vulnerable to climate variability and climate change. Climate and its impacts affect all sectors of economic development including agriculture, water, energy, transport, infrastructure, health and human settlements. For example, the country suffered economic losses of close to US$ 470 million in food crops, cash crops and livestock following the 2010/11 droughts; likewise, floods and landslides caused numerous deaths, buried villages, and damaged crops, livestock and property in the Mountain Elgon districts of Bududa and Bulambuli in 2010-2012. Various climate projections for Uganda for this century indicate that the frequency and severity of such extreme weather events such as droughts, floods, landslides and heat waves will increase, as well as their associated negative impacts on society.
Uganda is committed to addressing climate change challenges and has taken major steps to create an enabling policy environment and to implement measures to adapt and mitigate climate change. It has to date prepared and submitted to UNFCCC the 1st and 2nd National Communications (in 2002 and 2014), NAPA (2007), INDC (2015) and other status updates. The National Climate Change Policy (NCCP) was approved in April 2015 and aims to "ensure a harmonized and coordinated approach towards a climate-resilient and low-carbon development path for sustainable development in Uganda". The Government of Uganda is currently preparing the National Climate Change Bill (2016) to strengthen the legal basis to enforce the implementation of the NCCP including defining institutional responsibilities to mainstream climate change at sectoral and cross-sectoral level. The Government has also taken keen steps to integrate climate change into the NDP II as well as in some sectoral policies, plans, programs, and annual budgets and in some district local governments with effect from FY 2015/16 and will continue to do so for the new financial year 2016/2017. 17.
Uganda has also drafted a Green Growth Development Strategy (2016-2030), Climate Smart Agriculture Program (2015-2025), an Agriculture Sector Specific National Adaptation Plan (NAP), and a roadmap for preparation of the overall National NAP, among others. It is also supporting several other sectoral adaptation initiatives and projects to build resilience at various levels. The Climate Change Department (CCD) under the Ministry of Water and Environment (MWE) is the National Focal Point for the UNFCCC which coordinates all climate change issues in the country.
In spite of the current progress, the country still grapples with
(i) weaknesses in institutional capacity at all levels,
(ii) inadequate information systems and expertise to adequately assess, plan for and respond to climate risks.
(iii) inadequate climate-resilient infrastructure to buffer against climate risks and provide secure and reliable services, and
(iv) inadequate financing to adapt to climate change risks. Uganda prioritized 5 priority thematic areas for its SPCR, i.e.
(i) Climate resilient agriculture,
(ii) Urban and rural resilience and infrastructure,
(iii) Resilient landscapes /water catchment management (including wetlands),
(iv) Hydro-meteorological services, and
(v) Strengthening institutional capacity in addressing climate change issues. Proper formulation and implementation of actions under these priority SPCR themes is expected to greatly contribute to building climate resilience at all levels, reduce poverty and improve inclusive socio-economic growth.
MOHAMEDAHMED Siham Abdel Rahman - RDGE4