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3.1.1.The Programme's objectives have not changed and remain as described in paragraph 2.2 above. Outputs from the additional activities funded by the GEF/LDCF resources are captured under Component 1 and 3 of the revised log frame for the WSSP. The LDCF financing seeks to maintain and improve the resilience of the population and ecosystems to climate change in selected flood/drought prone eastern districts. It will incorporate climate change-related aspects into the initial activities and ensure preservation of ecosystems. Detailed performance indicators outlined in annex 4 have been developed for the additional activities to assess their specific progress to the outputs and outcomes.
3.1.2.The expected outcomes from the additional funding include: Improved integrity of Uganda's mountain ecosystems; Improved availability and quality of water resources in the Kyoga Water Management Zone; Lower risk of flooding and landslides in the Mount Elgon region; Increased access to climate-resilient sanitation in flood-prone peri-urban areas; Improved health status and reduction in water-borne diseases in flood-prone peri-urban areas; Improved availability of safe and clean water for domestic consumption in drought-prone areas; Improved crop production levels through availability of water from gravity schemes; Improved livestock farming through improved water availability; Improved awareness of technologies, measures and practices to increase resilience to climate change in flood- and drought-prone regions.
3.1.6.Technical solutions retained are based on existing options for improving the climate-resiliency of water sources and are known and implemented within Uganda and are as follows: Sub-component 1 (Under Component 1 of the Programme): Building resilience to climate change in flood -prone areas of Mount Elgon 1.1. Reforestation of encroached/ degraded forest through taungya planting 1.2. Planting of indigenous trees, bamboos and grasses along stream/river banks 1.3. Use of efficient stoves for cooking Sub-component 2 (Under Component 1 of the Programme): Ensuring climate-resilient sanitation in flood-prone peri-urban areas 2.1. Installation of climate-resilient, gender-appropriate sanitation facilities in schools and markets Sub-component 3 (Under Component 1 of the Programme): Ensuring access to water for production as an adaptation in drought-prone areas 3.1. Installation of community and household-level rainwater harvesters. 3.2. Extension of gravity water scheme 3.3. Construction and desilting of existing Valley Tanks
The national Objective of Uganda's water supply and sanitation sector is to increase access to water supply and sanitation services from 65% and 70% respectively in 2010 to 100% by 2035. The objective of the WSSP is to support the GoU's efforts to achieve sustainable provision of safe water and hygienic sanitation, based on management responsibility and ownership by the users, to 77% of the population in rural areas and 90% of the small towns' population by the year 2015
4.0 RATIONALE FOR ADDITIONAL FINANCING
4.1.Natural resources constitute the primary source of livelihood for the majority of the Ugandan population. Management of these natural resources is therefore important and critical to Uganda's long-term development. Climate change is already increasing the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events such as droughts, floods, landslides and heat waves. The events of the past few years clearly illustrate the magnitude of the problem.
4.2.The Government through the MWE coordinated the preparation of the NAPA and identified priority intervention areas. It is expected that funding of the NAPA identified priority intervention areas will stimulate interest among key stakeholders and also lead to changes in planning approaches resulting into integration of climate change issues into development planning.
4.3.Sustainable water resources both in terms of quantity and quality as well as sanitation facilities are adversely affected by effects of climate change. The situation is more severe for water system drawing from mountainous catchment with poor farming practices. The WSSP has extensive Gravity flow schemes drawing from such mountainous catchments as well as drought and flood prone districts requiring special climate resilient interventions. It is in this contest that the NAPA has identified water supply and sanitation as a sector vulnerable to climate change and defined adaptation measures.
4.4.With the supplementary financing from LDCF, the WSSP's impact will be enhanced, particularly with respect to resilience, sustainability of water facilities and natural resource management in the face of climatic shocks. These additional resources will contribute to improving the population's living conditions
4.5.Activities under the additional funding are directly aligned to the core objectives of the Bank's Strategy for 2013 - 2022 in particular the transition toward "green growth that will protect livelihoods, improve water, energy and food security, promote the sustainable use of natural resources and spur innovation, job creation and economic development. Activities for "Building resilience to climate change in flood -prone areas of Mount Elgon" will involve agricultural practices which will improve water resources while creating economic opportunities for farmers. The infrastructure activities have a heavy focus on natural resource management related to sustainable water and sanitation management.
4.6.The economic rate of return including the LDCF financed activities was estimated at 13%. With the implementation of adaptation activities, the Programme's economic benefits will increase, as well as its positive impacts on living conditions and infrastructure sustainability. The programme is technically and economically viable.
The additional funding is to benefit people in mountain catchment regions of Bududa, Lirima, Bukwo Gravity flow schemes and drought/flood prone districts of Soroti, Bukedea, Budaka, Pallisa, Kumi, Butaleja, Otuke,Apac and Katakwi districts. The outcomes will contribute to the overall purpose of poverty reduction through; 900 ha restorations of ecosystems in vital watershed catchments ensuring sustainable water supply in the mountainous regions, improved health conditions of additional 400,000 beneficiaries through climate-resilient sanitation in flood prone areas and improved livestock farming with the additional 136 ,000 m3 of water for production
MBIRO Andrew - RDGE2