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A dynamic framework that assists the RMCs of the Bank in their agricultural transformation agenda by raising productivity of crops and livestock through the deployment of proven agricultural technologies. A collaborative TAAT Clearinghouse approach is proposed as a mechanism that ensures that accepted technologies are comprehensively deployed and the expected transformative impacts achieved on the ground with millions of farmers and other stakeholders lifted out of extreme poverty. The TAAT Clearinghouse works on strategic and evolving assortment of investment interventions that consolidate agribusiness opportunities along the eight priority agricultural value chains. These interventions are largely based upon proven technologies, developmental approaches and agribusiness investment mechanisms established by CG Centers and their partners operating in Africa but may also be adopted and adjusted from successful agricultural development interventions elsewhere. It incorporates past research and development findings and successful pilot projects, but necessarily extends well beyond them as each module is expressed as a readily-scaled investment option.
The project is led by IITA on behalf of 13 CG Centers and works in collaboration with FARA, AVRDC, Africa Harvest and others. FARA assumes responsibility for capacity development to strengthen delivery mechanisms including policy, advisory services, product development, and intermediation among relevant actors. It will also participate in foresight and strategic analysis and the technology and capacities required to meet Africa's evolving agriculture and organise itself at the sub-regional level in support of national programs. IFPRI operates to strengthen economic, trade and institutional policies that contribute to higher productivity, competitiveness, and processing intensity across value chains and agro-ecological zones by working closely with national partners and CG Centers. AVRDC, Africa Harvest and CABI are included as project partner because of their specialization in vegetable crops, applied plant biotechnologies and plant health, respectively. In the remainder of this document, AVRDC, Africa Harvest and CABI are included when reference is made to "CG Centers".
A Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) system provides the basis for operational and performance monitoring as input into adaptive program management, accountability and the transactional element. M&E within the Clearinghouse operates at two basic levels; 1) it assesses the abilities of CG Centers to adjust to the demands of AfDB and its RMCs in terms of offering its technologies within scaled-up interventions; and 2) examines and reports how effectively AfDB Country Officers and their member state clients react to the range of technologies and services being offered to them by these CG Centers through the TAAT Clearinghouse. The M&E Unit will develop advanced monitoring tools while its outputs will remain straightforward and client friendly.
The agenda on raising crop and animal productivity through modernized agriculture and husbandry will operate in synergy with the other investments into an enabling policy environment, that catalyse investments into agro-chemical and allied industries, strengthening integrated capacity development, marketing and entrepreneurial capacity, and stimulate commercial financing of agriculture as a business, with priority on Africa's women and youth.
The TAAT Project consists of three components and eight sub-components. Component 1 is Production, Productivity and Competitiveness, with Production, Productivity, and Competitiveness subcomponents. Component 2 is Enablers, with Capacity Development, Policy, and Finance (including Instruments) sub-components. Component 3 is Project Management and Coordination, with Clearinghouse, and Project Management sub-components.
The overall goal of TAAT is to develop and deliver powerful and proven agricultural technologies to the Bank's RMCs as a means of achieving its bold Agricultural Transformation Agenda. It will allow Africa to better feed itself and transform its economies by targeting agriculture as a source of wealth and job creation. This goal for Africa has four main objectives; 1) eliminating extreme poverty, 2) ending hunger and malnutrition, 3) achieving food self-sufficiency and turning Africa into a net food exporter, and 4) setting Africa in step with global commodity and agricultural value chains.
It is focused upon eight overarching value chains and their accompanying role in Agricultural Transformation: 1) Rice self-sufficiency, 2) Cassava intensification, 3) Sahelian food security, 4) Savanna transformation, 5) Plantation restoration, 6) Horticulture promotion, 7) Greater production of wheat and 8) Greatly expanded fish farming
To revitalize and transform agriculture through the TAAT Program within the shortest possible time while restoring degraded land and maintaining or strengthening the ecosystems that underpin agriculture. Adopting modernized, commercial agriculture is the key to transforming Africa and the livelihoods of its people, particularly the rural poor.
The TAAT agenda on raising crop and animal productivity through modernized agriculture and husbandry will operate in synergy with the other Bank investments into an enabling policy environment, that catalyse investments into agro-chemical and allied industries, strengthening integrated capacity development, marketing and entrepreneurial capacity, and stimulate commercial financing of agriculture as a business, with priority on Africa's women and youth. FARA, the CGIAR Consortium and its 13 of 15 International Agricultural Research Centers most active in Africa welcome the initiative by the Bank and the co-sponsors to revitalize and transform agriculture through the TAAT Program within the shortest possible time while restoring degraded land and maintaining or strengthening the ecosystems that underpin agriculture.
This project is a response to the Action Plan for Agricultural Transformation in Africa resulting from the Dakar High Level Conference 21 to 23 October 2015 and its stated need "to execute a bold plan to achieve rapid agricultural transformation across Africa through raising agricultural productivity". The project will involve close partnership between the African Development Bank, the World Bank and other development partners to ensure increased financing for agricultural research and development along the value chains.
In total, this investment will produce 525 million tons of additional commodities worth $305 billion, leading to an overall return on investment of 3.7:1. Two interventions include separate account of crop and livestock operations. The intervention approaches include agronomic best practice for field crops, improved feed and health systems for animals, renovation of tree plantations and the conversion of passive to active fish farming.
Modernizing current farming in Africa through our eight priority interventions areas, not including agricultural expansion or increased agro-industrialization will result in net returns of $133 billion and a return ratio of 4.1. It is important to note that within this scenario, all investments in the eight priority intervention areas result in profitable returns, ranging from 2.2 (dairy) to 6.8 (horticulture) and that more intensive operations tend to offer greater proportionate returns. It is equally important that those value chains intended to provide better lives for the poor, particularly in the Sahel, offer promising returns.
CHIANU Jonas Nwankwo - AHAI2