Kenya-Drought Resilience & Sustainable Livelihood Program in the Horn of Africa (PHASE I)


  • Reference: P-Z1-AAZ-011
  • Approval date: 19/12/2012
  • Start date: 13/08/2013
  • Appraisal Date: 14/07/2012
  • Status: OngoingOnGo
  • Implementing Agency: MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE
  • Location: North Western Kenya


1. Natural Resources Management Component (UA 25.742)

(i) Construct/rehabilitate 24 water pans, 24 boreholes, 18 shallow wells, and 12 sub-surface dams.

(ii) Rehabilitate/expand 7 existing small scale irrigation scheme for a total area of 1530 ha.

(iii) Provide support to communities to improve management of the water and irrigation infrastructure.

2. Improvement of livestock infrastructure and Management Component (UA 12.763)

(i) Construction/upgrading of 24 livestock markets which would also be combined with disease surveillance activities;

(ii) Construction of 18 establishment of 18 fodder banks (haysheds) for storage hay at the individual and community levels;

(iii)Rehabilitation of 6 holding grounds and quarantine stations;

(iv) 12 demonstrations of range re-seeding for pasture rehabilitation for a total of 600 ha in communal grazing lands using suitable forage and browse seeds;

(v) Facilitate formation and training of community based groups to venture into income generating activities (IGA) within each district. The activities will focus on non-wood forest products, processing of agro-based commodities (in the irrigation schemes) and processing of livestock products. The activity would target mainly women IGA group.

3. Project Management and Capacity Building Component (UA 3,294) The focus of this component is on both human and institutional capacity building to strengthen operational capabilities in the region. The activities will include:

(i) capacity building of relevant national institutions;

(ii) enhance community participation in the management of water, pasture and livestock marketing;

(iii) enhance market information systems;

(iv) contribute to and help in facilitating peace building and conflict management and mitigation using the strengthened national and regional institutions; and

(v) mitigation and adaptation to Climate Change.


The objective of the project is to enhance drought resilience and improve sustainable livelihoods of the communities in the arid and semi-arid lands of Kenya


On 9th September 2011 the Kenyan government convened the Summit of Heads of State and Government in the HOA in Nairobi to deliberate on the crisis in the region. The Summit came up with the Nairobi Strategy for Enhanced Partnership to Eradicate Drought Emergencies in the HOA. The heads of state and government stressed the need to move from reactive to preventive approaches to drought. This entails a continuum of relief, recovery, reconstruction, innovation and long-term development assistance to ensure drought resilience and food security. They agreed on a five prong approach including the creation and support of an IGAD-based Multi-donor Trust Fund for drought and other disasters.

The Government of Kenya is developing a ten-year programme for ending recurrent drought emergencies in the country. The programme has five interconnected elements: 1) providing sustainable livelihoods in drought-prone areas that can withstand climate change; 2) climate-proofed infrastructure connecting regions at risk with the rest of the country; 3) providing peace and security in the region; 4) investing more in human capital; and 5) easier and more efficient access to humanitarian relief when it is required. The proposed Bank assisted program and specifically the Kenya component blends well with the ten-year Kenya Country programme and will contribute to strategies 1, 2 and 4.

In order to better understand the challenges facing livestock communities in the Greater Horn of Africa, the Bank had also commissioned a Regional Study on Sustainable Livestock Development in the Greater Horn of Africa from 2008 - 2010. The results of the study were validated at workshop held in Djibouti in September 2011. The major challenges identified by the study included: (1) under-developed water resources in the region; (2) poorly developed and poorly managed marketing infrastructure and marketing systems that hamper production and productivity; (3) poorly managed and under-developed pasture, and degraded land and the environment; (4) poor and in some cases lack of policy, legal and institutional frameworks to manage agricultural production, particularly the livestock component; while some of the existing policies, legal and institutional structures are incoherent and quite uncoordinated; and (5) inter-community and regional conflicts that negatively affect livelihoods in the region.

To avoid the recurrence of severe water shortages and food crises in the HOA, there is need to address the root causes of vulnerability in the ASALs of this region. It is against this background that the Bank has launched an initiative to help address the key challenges to sustainable livestock production and livelihoods in the region, and help build the resilience and stability of the pastoral communities in the HOA. Based on the outcome of the Regional Study on Sustainable Livestock Development in the Greater Horn of Africa, the Bank is proposing a regional programme covering the GHA which would contribute to supporting interventions which would contribute to make communities in the HOA cope with drought better.


- Carcass Dry Weights (CDW) will increase from 140kg to 170 kg, representing 21.4% increase in terms of beef stock. As regards Sheep and Goats, CDW will increase by about 13.5%. - Reduction rate in mortality will be from 10% to 3% as a result of disease control. Mortality of Camel calf will decrease from current 30% to 15%. - Improvement in water supply will bring additional increases in beef production and carcass yield by 3-6%. - Additional 162,000 camels will be marketed each year as from PY6. The project will build on existing situation to increase offtake of camel products including meat and milk in both the rural and urban centres. - The bee-keeping and wax processing project will record an increase of up to 22% from PY2 from current average production of honey and wax of 10kg and 1.0 kg per honey and wax per hive per year respectively. A 20-hive unit individual beekeeper's enterprise will yield incremental honey and wax production amounting to 300 kg and 30 kg per annum respectively.

Key contacts

MAINA Onesmus Waweru - RDGE2


Finance source Amount
ADFUAC 37,410,000
GovernmentUAC 4,380,000
DeltaUAC 9,000
TotalUAC 41,799,000
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