Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Program
- Reference: P-MZ-E00-004
- Appraisal Date: 05/06/2016
- Board Presentation: 30/09/2016
- Status: PipelinePIPE
- Implementing Agency: MINISRY OF PUBLIC WORKS AND HOUSING
- Location: Rural communities in Mozambique
Programme components foreseen are:
A) Provision of new water supply facilities
B) Rehabilitation of existing water facilities that are in disrepair
C)Provision of latrine facilities for schools and health centres.
D)Support for households to construct improved sanitation facilities
E)Public Education and Awareness creation
F) Institutional Support and Capacity building
The objective of the Mozambique RWSSI is to increase the rural population's access to safe water supply and improved sanitation facilities and through these to reduce poverty and improve the well-being of the rural population
Rural water supply and sanitation is a key focal area of the Mozambique Poverty Reduction Strategy "PARPA". The national targets are the same as the MDGs, aiming at reducing by half the proportion of people lacking access to adequate water and sanitation services. It is to increase rural water supply coverage from the current 42.2% to 70% by 2015 and rural sanitation coverage from current 27% percentage to 50 %. The RWSSI program in Mozambique is to be implemented within the context of the National Rural Water and Sanitation Program and is based on the demand responsive approach which considers the beneficiaries as the prime movers of the process. The basic principles of the demand driven appproach are to treat water as economic and social good, demand to be determined by users, price based on service level and institution to be established at the lowest level and be administered by the user. Mozambique has gone ahead in the decentralisation of the institutional setup for water and sanitation sector administration to the provincial and district levels, and to community levels in some areas. The program focusses on putting the implementation process in place in a transparent manner with a strong monitoring and evaluation mechanism build in in the process. Existing institutional framework will be utilised and stenghthened to take advantage of existing capacities at national and local levels.
The program will contribute to poverty reduction and gender development by increasing access of the rural population to safe water supply and improved sanitation. This is expected to reduce the incidence of water bourne diseased and reduce the burden on women and children in fetching water, thus enabling women to engage more in economic activities and enhance school attendance of children.
ALEOBUA Boniface Osimua Yakubu - OWAS2