Drought Resilience and Sustainable Livelihoods II (DRSLP 2)
- Reference: P-Z1-AAZ-028
- Appraisal Date: 25/07/2014
- Board Presentation: 26/11/2014
- Status: PipelinePIPE
- Implementing Agency: IGAD
- Location: ERITREA ETHIOPIA SOMALIA SUDAN
The Project has 3 components: (1) Natural Resource Management and Sustainable Livelihood with 2 sub-components:
(i) Water resources development and management,
(ii) Improvement of rangeland management and rural livelihood diversification; (2) Livestock Infrastructure Development with 2 sub-components:
(i) Infrastructure for market access,
(ii) Improved livestock health; and (3) Program Management and Capacity Building Component Considering the complexity of the program, the overall coordination of the program and the implementation of trans-boundary activities will be carried out at the regional level by IGAD, working in close collaboration with the governments of the participating countries. At national level the relevant line ministries will be responsible for the day to day implementation of the project activities under the coordination of a line Ministry. For Somalia, the Bank will consider the involvement of Implementing Institutions (UN Agencies, local and international NGO, ENGOs and other partners) to address the lack of national human resource capacity.
The proposed program will develop regional systems to alleviate the negative impacts caused by the deteriorating environmental conditions and climate change on agriculture and livestock, and make agro pastoral communities less dependent on rainfall.
The Project is a multinational project that recognizes the Nomadic nature of the inhabitants of the region who do not respect borders. They cross borders at will in search of water and pasture. Thus any development that is undertaken in one country to improve these facilities and the livelihoods would attract pastoralists from the neighbouring country, igniting conflict. Hence although the activities will be implemented at the country level, it is critical that they be implemented across the borders, preferably at the same pace.
The program is consistent with the principles of key sub-regional and national initiatives, policies and programs, adopted by the governments of the participating countries over the last few years, namely
(i) The "IGAD Drought Disaster Resilience and Sustainability Initiative (IDDRSSI)" Regional Programing Paper (2013);
(ii) the Country Programming Papers (CPP) "To End Drought emergencies in The Horn of Africa" (2012);
(iii) Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Program (CAADP);
(iv) The IGAD 'Minimum Integration Plan', which focuses on joint use and management of water resources for food security;
(v) the Livestock Policy Initiative (IGAD-LPI),
(vi) The Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) 2005-2015, which contains the collective commitment of governments and the United Nations to work towards reducing societal vulnerability to disasters generally and stop drought in particular, and
(vi) the National Development Strategies of the countries involved.
The programme also takes cognizance of the Bank Group policies and strategies (see 3.4). In recent past, emergency interventions have neither been effective nor provided long term solutions to the recurrent drought that have decimated thousands of lives and livelihoods. These lessons induced the change in the thinking and approach by the Bank. The programme is devised to make the countries of the HoA more resilient to the effects of the frequent and recurring droughts and other environmental shocks by making use of an integrated approach that aims at improving water, rangeland management, forage availability, livelihoods diversification, infrastructure for market access and building human and institutional capacity.
Bank designed multi-phased regional Drought Resilience and Sustainable Livelihood Programme (DRSLP) will address the root causes of the drought crisis, through a comprehensive and integrated list of interventions including:
(i) Support to infrastructure for water resources management;
(ii) Support to infrastructure for agricultural development (with an emphasis on livestock); and
(iii) Support to transport and trade. The proposed program will develop regional systems to alleviate the negative impacts caused by the deteriorating environmental conditions and climate change on agriculture and livestock, and make agro pastoral communities less dependent on rainfall. Mechanisms for enhancing availability of the natural resources (water, crop production, and pasture) at the regional level (given the mobility of pastoralists across borders) and ensuring stability of the environment as well as harmonious sharing of the resources in an orderly, peaceful and sustainable manner will also be established.
BOULANOUAR Bouchaib - OSAN1